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Renée Marije van der Sluis

Establishment and molecular mechanisms of HIV 1 latency in T cells

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  • Renée Marije van der Sluis
  • Rienk R. Jeeninga, Laboratory of Experimental Virology, Department of Medical Microbiology, Centre for Infection and Immunity Amsterdam (CINIMA), Academic Medical Centre, University of Amsterdam, Meibergdreef 15, 1105 AZ Amsterdam, the Netherlands
  • ,
  • Ben Berkhout, Laboratory of Experimental Virology, Department of Medical Microbiology, Centre for Infection and Immunity Amsterdam (CINIMA), Academic Medical Centre, University of Amsterdam, Meibergdreef 15, 1105 AZ Amsterdam, the Netherlands
Treatment of an HIV infected individual with antiretroviral drugs is a successful way to suppress the plasma viral RNA load below the limit of detection (50 copies HIV RNA/ml plasma). This can provide lifelong protection against virus-induced pathogenesis in drug-adherent patients. Unfortunately, even after many years of continuous treatment, the virus persists and the plasma viral load will rebound rapidly when therapy is interrupted. The reason for this rapid rebound is the presence of a long-lived reservoir of latent HIV-1 proviruses that can be reactivated in resting memory T cells. Attempts to eliminate these proviruses have thus far not been successful and this long-lived latent reservoir is therefore considered a major obstacle toward a cure for HIV-1. A detailed understanding of the molecular mechanisms causing HIV latency and knowledge on the establishment of this reservoir may give us clues for future strategies aiming at the eradication of this reservoir.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftCurrent Opinion in Virology
Vol/bind3
Nummer6
Sider (fra-til)700-706
ISSN1879-6257
DOI
StatusUdgivet - dec. 2013
Eksternt udgivetJa

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