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Peter Vedsted

Mental well-being and job satisfaction in general practitioners in Denmark and their patients' change of general practitioner: A cohort study combining survey data and register data

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskrift/Konferencebidrag i tidsskrift /Bidrag til avisTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

DOI

Objectives Low job satisfaction and poor well-being (eg, stress and burnout) among physicians may have negative consequences for patient experienced healthcare quality. In primary care, this could manifest in patients choosing another general practitioner (GP). The objective of this study was to examine change of GP (COGP) (unrelated to change of address) among patients in relation to their GPs' job satisfaction, well-being and self-assessed work-ability. Design and setting Data from a nationwide questionnaire survey among Danish GPs in May 2016 was combined with register data on their listed patients. Associations between patients' COGP in the 6-month study period (from May 2016) and the job satisfaction/well-being of their GP were estimated as risk ratios (RRs) at the individual patient level using binomial regression analysis. Potential confounders were included for adjustment. Participants The study cohort included 569 776 patients aged ≥18 years listed with 409 GPs in single-handed practices. Results COGP was significantly associated with occupational distress (burnout and low job satisfaction) in the GP. This association was seen in a dose-response like pattern. For burnout, associations were found for depersonalisation and reduced sense of personal accomplishment (but not for emotional exhaustion). The adjusted RR was 1.40 (1.10-1.72) for patients listed with a GP with the lowest level of job satisfaction and 1.24 (1.01-1.52) and 1.40 (1.14-1.72) for patients listed with a GP in the most unfavourable categories of depersonalisation and sense of personal accomplishment (the most favourable categories used as reference). COGP was not associated with self-assessed work-ability or domains of well-being related to life in general. Conclusions Patients' likelihood of changing GP increased with GP burnout and decreasing job satisfaction. These findings indicate that patients' evaluation of care as measured by COGP may be influenced by their GPs' work conditions and occupational well-being.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
Artikelnummere030142
TidsskriftBMJ Open
Vol/bind9
Nummer11
Antal sider8
ISSN2044-6055
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 2019

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