Peter Vedsted

A genetic risk assessment for prostate cancer influences patients’ risk perception and use of repeat PSA testing: a cross-sectional study in Danish general practice

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A genetic risk assessment for prostate cancer influences patients’ risk perception and use of repeat PSA testing: a cross-sectional study in Danish general practice. / Fredsøe, Jacob Hesselvig; Kirkegaard, Pia; Edwards, Adrian et al.

I: British Journal of General Practice Open , 05.2020.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskrift/Konferencebidrag i tidsskrift /Bidrag til avisTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

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@article{fcb995c57c724d009fdfc12ac574d013,
title = "A genetic risk assessment for prostate cancer influences patients{\textquoteright} risk perception and use of repeat PSA testing: a cross-sectional study in Danish general practice",
abstract = "Background: Prostate cancer (PC) is the most common cancer among men in the western world. Genetic lifetime risk assessment could alleviate controversies about prostate specific antigen (PSA) testing for early diagnosis. Aim: To determine how men interpret information about their lifetime risk for PC and how this can affect their choice of having a repeated PSA test. Design & setting: A genetic test was offered for assessment of individual PC lifetime risk in general practices in Denmark, with the purpose of promoting appropriate use of PSA testing. Method: Participants had a genetic lifetime risk assessment for PC diagnosis (either high or normal risk). A month after receiving the result, participants answered a questionnaire about their perceived risk of getting or dying from PC compared with other men, as well as their intentions for repeated PSA testing. Results: Nearly half (44.7%) of 555 participants who received the genetic risk assessment were not aware they had a genetic test. Nevertheless, compared with men with a normal genetic risk, those with high genetic risk reported higher perceived risk for PC (mean difference of 0.74 [95% confidence interval {CI} = 0.56 to 0.96] on a 5-point scale), higher perceived risk of dying from PC (mean difference of 0.48 [95% CI = 0.29 to 0.66] on a 5-point scale), and increased intention for repeated PSA testing (mean difference of 0.48 [95% CI = 0.30 to 0.65] on a 4-point scale). Conclusion: Despite low awareness and/or understanding of the test result, a high genetic risk for PC made participants more aware of their risk, and it increased their intention and probability for repeated PSA testing.",
author = "Freds{\o}e, {Jacob Hesselvig} and Pia Kirkegaard and Adrian Edwards and Peter Vedsted and S{\o}rensen, {Karina Dalsgaard} and Flemming Bro",
year = "2020",
month = may,
doi = "10.3399/bjgpopen20X101039",
language = "English",
journal = "British Journal of General Practice Open ",
issn = "1849-5435",
publisher = " The Royal College of General Practitioners",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - A genetic risk assessment for prostate cancer influences patients’ risk perception and use of repeat PSA testing: a cross-sectional study in Danish general practice

AU - Fredsøe, Jacob Hesselvig

AU - Kirkegaard, Pia

AU - Edwards, Adrian

AU - Vedsted, Peter

AU - Sørensen, Karina Dalsgaard

AU - Bro, Flemming

PY - 2020/5

Y1 - 2020/5

N2 - Background: Prostate cancer (PC) is the most common cancer among men in the western world. Genetic lifetime risk assessment could alleviate controversies about prostate specific antigen (PSA) testing for early diagnosis. Aim: To determine how men interpret information about their lifetime risk for PC and how this can affect their choice of having a repeated PSA test. Design & setting: A genetic test was offered for assessment of individual PC lifetime risk in general practices in Denmark, with the purpose of promoting appropriate use of PSA testing. Method: Participants had a genetic lifetime risk assessment for PC diagnosis (either high or normal risk). A month after receiving the result, participants answered a questionnaire about their perceived risk of getting or dying from PC compared with other men, as well as their intentions for repeated PSA testing. Results: Nearly half (44.7%) of 555 participants who received the genetic risk assessment were not aware they had a genetic test. Nevertheless, compared with men with a normal genetic risk, those with high genetic risk reported higher perceived risk for PC (mean difference of 0.74 [95% confidence interval {CI} = 0.56 to 0.96] on a 5-point scale), higher perceived risk of dying from PC (mean difference of 0.48 [95% CI = 0.29 to 0.66] on a 5-point scale), and increased intention for repeated PSA testing (mean difference of 0.48 [95% CI = 0.30 to 0.65] on a 4-point scale). Conclusion: Despite low awareness and/or understanding of the test result, a high genetic risk for PC made participants more aware of their risk, and it increased their intention and probability for repeated PSA testing.

AB - Background: Prostate cancer (PC) is the most common cancer among men in the western world. Genetic lifetime risk assessment could alleviate controversies about prostate specific antigen (PSA) testing for early diagnosis. Aim: To determine how men interpret information about their lifetime risk for PC and how this can affect their choice of having a repeated PSA test. Design & setting: A genetic test was offered for assessment of individual PC lifetime risk in general practices in Denmark, with the purpose of promoting appropriate use of PSA testing. Method: Participants had a genetic lifetime risk assessment for PC diagnosis (either high or normal risk). A month after receiving the result, participants answered a questionnaire about their perceived risk of getting or dying from PC compared with other men, as well as their intentions for repeated PSA testing. Results: Nearly half (44.7%) of 555 participants who received the genetic risk assessment were not aware they had a genetic test. Nevertheless, compared with men with a normal genetic risk, those with high genetic risk reported higher perceived risk for PC (mean difference of 0.74 [95% confidence interval {CI} = 0.56 to 0.96] on a 5-point scale), higher perceived risk of dying from PC (mean difference of 0.48 [95% CI = 0.29 to 0.66] on a 5-point scale), and increased intention for repeated PSA testing (mean difference of 0.48 [95% CI = 0.30 to 0.65] on a 4-point scale). Conclusion: Despite low awareness and/or understanding of the test result, a high genetic risk for PC made participants more aware of their risk, and it increased their intention and probability for repeated PSA testing.

U2 - 10.3399/bjgpopen20X101039

DO - 10.3399/bjgpopen20X101039

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 32457098

JO - British Journal of General Practice Open

JF - British Journal of General Practice Open

SN - 1849-5435

ER -