Pernille Tine Jensen

Pulsed dose rate (PDR) brachytherapy as salvage treatment of locally advanced or recurrent gynecologic cancer

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskrift/Konferencebidrag i tidsskrift /Bidrag til avisTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

  • P T Jensen
  • H Roed
  • ,
  • S A Engelholm
  • ,
  • F Rosendal, Danmark

PURPOSE: Pulsed dose rate (PDR) brachytherapy is a new treatment option permitting dose distribution optimization in interstitial implants. It possesses the advantage of equipment simplification and radiation protection to the staff, compared to the manually afterloading technique. This study presents the first clinical results from The Finsen Center with PDR-brachytherapy in patients with locally advanced or recurrent gynecologic cancer.

METHODS AND MATERIALS: Between June 1993 and August 1996, 34 patients with gynecologic malignancies (22 pelvic recurrences, 12 primary locally advanced) have been treated with external irradiation, four-field box technique, to 46 Gy/23 fractions, 5 F/week and 192Ir-interstitial PDR-brachytherapy in pulses of 0.6 Gy, one pulse per hour to a total of 30 Gy. The Martinez Universal Perineal Interstitial Template applicator was used for all implantations.

RESULTS: The overall complete response rate was 74%. At median 14 months follow-up (range 3-40) 15 patients were alive with no evidence of disease. Seven of 14 patients with a second recurrence or progressive disease were still alive. The overall 1- and 2-year survival was 71% and 63%, respectively. There was no difference in survival probability when stratifying the patients by primary diagnosis (recurrent vs. primary advanced), relapse locations (central vs. central + pelvic wall mass) or treatment volume. Seventeen chronic grade III complications were observed in 10 patients. Large treatment volumes significantly correlated to severe gastrointestinal complications. Fifteen of 17 chronic grade III complications were observed in patients treated for recurrent disease.

CONCLUSION: PDR-brachytherapy in combination with external irradiation is an effective treatment option for patients with locally advanced or recurrent gynecologic cancer, although substantial toxicity is observed in patients with large treatment volumes and recurrent disease.

TidsskriftInternational Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
Sider (fra-til)1041-7
Antal sider7
StatusUdgivet - 1 dec. 1998
Eksternt udgivetJa

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