Pernille Tine Jensen

Early stage cervical cancer, radical hysterectomy and sexual function: a longitudinal study

Publikation: KonferencebidragPosterForskningpeer review

Background: Limited knowledge exists regarding the impact of treatment on the sexual function of early stage cervical cancer patients. We investigated the longitudinal course of self-reported sexual function after radical hysterectomy (RH) alone.
Methods: 173 patients with lymph node-negative early stage cervical cancer who had undergone RH and pelvic lymphadenectomy alone were assessed prospectively using a validated self-assessment questionnaire 5 weeks and 3, 6, 12, 18, and 24 months after RH. Results were compared with an age-matched control group from the general population. At 12 months post-surgery, the patients completed an extended version of the questionnaire with additional items assessing the patient’s perception of changes in sexual function compared with before the cancer diagnosis.
Results: Compared with control women, patients experienced severe orgasmic problems and uncomfortable sexual intercourse due to a reduced vaginal size during the first 6 months after RH, severe dyspareunia during the first 3 months, and sexual dissatisfaction during the first 5 weeks after RH. A persistent lack of sexual interest and insufficient vaginal lubrication were reported throughout the first 2 years after RH. Long-term lack of sexual interest and insufficient vaginal lubrication were confirmed by the patient’s self-reported changes at 12 months after RH compared with before the cancer diagnosis and by a pre-post comparison within patients. However, most of the patients who were sexually active before their cancer were sexually active again 12 months post-surgery (91%), although with a decrease in sexual frequency reported.
Conclusion: RH had a persistent negative impact on the patients’ sexual interest and vaginal lubrication whereas the majority of other sexual and vaginal problems disappeared over time. Sexual and vaginal problems in the short-term and long-term after RH should be discussed with the patient before and after surgery.
StatusUdgivet - 2004
Eksternt udgivetJa
Begivenhed34th congress of NFOG - Helsinki, Finland
Varighed: 12 jun. 200415 jun. 2004


Konference34th congress of NFOG

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