Niels Henrik Ingvar Hjøllund

Menstrual cycle pattern and fertility: A prospective follow-up study of pregnancy and early embryonal loss in 295 couples who were planning their first pregnancy

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskrift/Konferencebidrag i tidsskrift /Bidrag til avisTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

  • Afdeling for Epidemiologi
  • Arbejdsmedicinsk Klinik, NBG
  • Børneafdeling, SKS
  • Anatomisk Institut
  • Epidemiologisk Grundfsk., Cent. f.
OBJECTIVE: To characterize how the menstrual cycle pattern relates to fertility regardless of potential biases caused by inappropriate coital timing during the menstrual cycle or early embryonal loss. DESIGN: Prospective follow-up study. SETTING: Healthy couples recruited throughout Denmark. PATIENT(S): Two hundred ninety-five couples who were planning their first pregnancy were followed up from the discontinuation of birth control until a pregnancy was recognized within six menstrual cycles. Early embryonal losses were detected by changes in urinary hCG levels. INTERVENTION(S): None. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): The probability of pregnancy occurring within one menstrual cycle (fecundity). RESULT(S): In women who had a cycle length that differed by >10 days from the usual cycle length, fecundity was approximately 25% that of women who had no variation (odds ratio 0.25, 95% confidence interval 0.09-0.68). When the combined effect of cycle variation and cycle length was assessed, cycle variation was a persistent strong predictor of fecundity. CONCLUSION(S): The mechanisms of the present findings probably are female functional disturbances in ovulation, conception, implantation, or sustained pregnancy, linked with variable menstrual cycle length. Thus, identification of medical and environmental causes of abnormal menstrual cycle patterns may provide clues to the causes of infertility. Moreover, the menstrual cycle pattern also should be taken into consideration in the clinical decision-making process.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftFertility and Sterility
Vol/bind71
Nummer3
Sider (fra-til)490-496
Antal sider7
ISSN0015-0282
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 1999

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