Aarhus University Seal / Aarhus Universitets segl

Nicolaj Krog Larsen

Stable oxygen isotope variability in two contrasting glacier river catchments in Greenland

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskrift/Konferencebidrag i tidsskrift /Bidrag til avisTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

Dokumenter

DOI

  • Jacob C. Yde, Sogn og Fjordane University College
  • ,
  • Niels T. Knudsen
  • Jørgen P. Steffensen, Københavns Universitet
  • ,
  • Jonathan L. Carrivick, Leeds University
  • ,
  • Bent Hasholt, Københavns Universitet
  • ,
  • Thomas Ingeman-Nielsen, Danmarks Tekniske Universitet
  • ,
  • Christian Kronborg
  • Nicolaj K. Larsen
  • Sebastian H. Mernild, Universidad de Magallanes, Sogn og Fjordane University College
  • ,
  • Hans Oerter, Alfred Wegener Institute for Polar and Marine Research, List
  • ,
  • David H. Roberts, Durham University
  • ,
  • Andrew J. Russell, Newcastle University, United Kingdom

Analysis of stable oxygen isotope (δ18O) characteristics is a useful tool to investigate water provenance in glacier river systems. In order to attain knowledge on the diversity of δ18O variations in Greenlandic rivers, we examined two contrasting glacierised catchments disconnected from the Greenland Ice Sheet (GrIS). At the Mittivakkat Gletscher river, a small river draining a local temperate glacier in southeast Greenland, diurnal oscillations in δ18O occurred with a 3 h time lag to the diurnal oscillations in run-off. The mean annual δ18O was -14.68±0.18‰ during the peak flow period. A hydrograph separation analysis revealed that the ice melt component constituted 82±5% of the total run-off and dominated the observed variations during peak flow in August 2004. The snowmelt component peaked between 10:00 and 13:00 local time, reflecting the long travel time and an inefficient distributed subglacial drainage network in the upper part of the glacier. At the Kuannersuit Glacier river on the island Qeqertarsuaq in west Greenland, the δ18O characteristics were examined after the major 1995-1998 glacier surge event. The mean annual δ18O was -19.47±0.55 ‰. Despite large spatial variations in the δ18O values of glacier ice on the newly formed glacier tongue, there were no diurnal oscillations in the bulk meltwater emanating from the glacier in the post-surge years. This is likely a consequence of a tortuous subglacial drainage system consisting of linked cavities, which formed during the surge event. Overall, a comparison of the δ18O compositions from glacial river water in Greenland shows distinct differences between water draining local glaciers and ice caps (between -23.0 and -13.7 ‰) and the GrIS (between -29.9 and -23.2 ‰). This study demonstrates that water isotope analyses can be used to obtain important information on water sources and the subglacial drainage system structure that is highly desired for understanding glacier hydrology.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftHydrology and Earth System Sciences
Vol/bind20
Nummer3
Sider (fra-til)1197-1210
Antal sider14
ISSN1027-5606
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 21 mar. 2016

Se relationer på Aarhus Universitet Citationsformater

Download-statistik

Ingen data tilgængelig

ID: 98998633