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Nick Shepherd

State of the discipline: Science, culture and identity in South African archaeology, 1870-2003

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskrift/Konferencebidrag i tidsskrift /Bidrag til avisTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

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State of the discipline : Science, culture and identity in South African archaeology, 1870-2003. / Shepherd, N.

I: Journal of Southern African Studies, Bind 29, Nr. 4, 12.2003, s. 823-844.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskrift/Konferencebidrag i tidsskrift /Bidrag til avisTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

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Shepherd, N. / State of the discipline : Science, culture and identity in South African archaeology, 1870-2003. I: Journal of Southern African Studies. 2003 ; Bind 29, Nr. 4. s. 823-844.

Bibtex

@article{d214b0904dee462bad46447f44c04e6e,
title = "State of the discipline: Science, culture and identity in South African archaeology, 1870-2003",
abstract = "This article gives an account of the development of archaeology in South Africa in the period 1870-2003, focusing on key formative ideas and contexts. Taking as its theme a Foucauldian notion of 'knowledge construction', it attempts to understand archaeology as a form of social practice rooted in broader political and economic contexts. Two periods were especially important in the emergence of South African archaeology. The first was the period 1923-1948, coinciding with the local career of John Goodwin, which saw the institutionalisation of archaeology and the emergence of a specific, local conception of prehistory under the political patronage of J. C. Smuts. During these years the study of prehistory played a key role in an emergent South African national identity. The second was the period of the late 1960s and early 1970s which saw the re-emergence of the discipline following a time of comparative neglect, as part of the general cultural apparatus of a modernising apartheid state. Finally, a detailed account is given of developments post-1994, including figures for student enrolments at major teaching institutions, a survey of archaeological curricula and a survey of grants from the National Research Foundation. If (as I argue) the impulse of the discipline in periods of social transformation has been to take shelter behind hard versions of science and culture, then the challenge for a post-apartheid archaeology lies in developing socially engaged and reflexive forms of theory and practice able to speak to the complexity of contemporary circumstances.",
author = "N Shepherd",
year = "2003",
month = dec,
doi = "10.1080/0305707032000135842",
language = "English",
volume = "29",
pages = "823--844",
journal = "Journal of Southern African Studies",
issn = "0305-7070",
publisher = "Routledge",
number = "4",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - State of the discipline

T2 - Science, culture and identity in South African archaeology, 1870-2003

AU - Shepherd, N

PY - 2003/12

Y1 - 2003/12

N2 - This article gives an account of the development of archaeology in South Africa in the period 1870-2003, focusing on key formative ideas and contexts. Taking as its theme a Foucauldian notion of 'knowledge construction', it attempts to understand archaeology as a form of social practice rooted in broader political and economic contexts. Two periods were especially important in the emergence of South African archaeology. The first was the period 1923-1948, coinciding with the local career of John Goodwin, which saw the institutionalisation of archaeology and the emergence of a specific, local conception of prehistory under the political patronage of J. C. Smuts. During these years the study of prehistory played a key role in an emergent South African national identity. The second was the period of the late 1960s and early 1970s which saw the re-emergence of the discipline following a time of comparative neglect, as part of the general cultural apparatus of a modernising apartheid state. Finally, a detailed account is given of developments post-1994, including figures for student enrolments at major teaching institutions, a survey of archaeological curricula and a survey of grants from the National Research Foundation. If (as I argue) the impulse of the discipline in periods of social transformation has been to take shelter behind hard versions of science and culture, then the challenge for a post-apartheid archaeology lies in developing socially engaged and reflexive forms of theory and practice able to speak to the complexity of contemporary circumstances.

AB - This article gives an account of the development of archaeology in South Africa in the period 1870-2003, focusing on key formative ideas and contexts. Taking as its theme a Foucauldian notion of 'knowledge construction', it attempts to understand archaeology as a form of social practice rooted in broader political and economic contexts. Two periods were especially important in the emergence of South African archaeology. The first was the period 1923-1948, coinciding with the local career of John Goodwin, which saw the institutionalisation of archaeology and the emergence of a specific, local conception of prehistory under the political patronage of J. C. Smuts. During these years the study of prehistory played a key role in an emergent South African national identity. The second was the period of the late 1960s and early 1970s which saw the re-emergence of the discipline following a time of comparative neglect, as part of the general cultural apparatus of a modernising apartheid state. Finally, a detailed account is given of developments post-1994, including figures for student enrolments at major teaching institutions, a survey of archaeological curricula and a survey of grants from the National Research Foundation. If (as I argue) the impulse of the discipline in periods of social transformation has been to take shelter behind hard versions of science and culture, then the challenge for a post-apartheid archaeology lies in developing socially engaged and reflexive forms of theory and practice able to speak to the complexity of contemporary circumstances.

U2 - 10.1080/0305707032000135842

DO - 10.1080/0305707032000135842

M3 - Journal article

VL - 29

SP - 823

EP - 844

JO - Journal of Southern African Studies

JF - Journal of Southern African Studies

SN - 0305-7070

IS - 4

ER -