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Mogens Humlekrog Greve

Field-scale predictions of soil contaminant sorption using visible–near infrared spectroscopy

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Models used to evaluate leaching of contaminants to groundwater are very sensitive to sorption coefficients (Kd). These models need
reliable Kd data at the field scale, but the number of samples required makes the classic batch sorption experiments inappropriate
for this purpose. Since visible–near infrared (vis–NIR) spectroscopy is an inexpensive and fast method, it has been used for predicting
soil properties related to soil sorption capacity. In this study, we aimed to predict the spatial variation of Kd from vis–NIR spectra
for two contaminants: phenanthrene (sorbed on organic fractions) and glyphosate (sorbed on mineral fractions). Forty-five bulk soil
samples were collected from an agricultural field in Estrup, Denmark, in a 15 m × 15 m grid. Samples were air-dried, sieved to 2 mm
and analysed for selected soil properties. Sorption coefficients were obtained from a batch equilibration experiment. Soil samples were
measured with a bench-top spectrometer covering the vis–NIR range between 400 nm and 2500 nm. Partial least squares regression
with full cross-validation was used to correlate the soil spectra with Kd values and soil properties. The sorption coefficients ranged
from 345 L kg−1 to 886 L kg−1 and from 162 L kg−1 to 536 L kg−1 for phenanthrene and glyphosate, respectively. The regression coefficients
showed that phenanthrenesorption
was correlated with total organic carbon, aluminium oxides and cation exchange capacity, and
glyphosate sorption with clay minerals and iron oxides. By means of the vis–NIR spectra we were able to predict phenanthrene (R2 = 0.95,
RMSECV = 31 L kg−1) and glyphosate (R2 = 0.79, RMSECV = 45 L kg−1) sorption capacities. A model using vis–NIR spectra plus pH values
improved the prediction of glyphosate sorption capacity (R2 = 0.88, RMSECV = 34 L kg−1). The models obtained from vis–NIR spectra
Kd within the investigated field, indicating the potential of vis–NIR spectroscopy as a fast method for determining
Kd for input to leaching risk assessment models. However, further studies of different soil types and geographical scales are needed to
confirm our findings.
TidsskriftJournal of Near Infrared Spectroscopy
Sider (fra-til)281-291
StatusUdgivet - 2016

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