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Mikkel Nørup Lund

PLATO as it is: A legacy mission for Galactic archaeology

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DOI

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  • K. Belkacem, Univ Paris 07, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS), University of Paris Diderot - Paris VII, Universite Sorbonne Paris Cite-USPC (COMUE), Pierre & Marie Curie University - Paris 6, PSL Research University Paris, Observatoire de Paris, Univ Pierre & Marie Curie, CNRS, LESIA,Observ Paris,PSL Res Univ
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  • D. Bossini, Univ Birmingham, University of Birmingham, Sch Phys & Astron
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  • J. Montalban, Univ Padua, University of Padua, Dipartimento Fis & Astron Galileo Galilei
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  • F. Anders, Leibniz Inst Astrophys Potsdam AIP, Leibniz Institut fur Astrophysik Potsdam (AIP)
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  • T. Rodrigues, INAF, Istituto Nazionale Astrofisica - Italy, Osservatorio Astronom Padova
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  • G. Piotto, Univ Padua, University of Padua, Dipartimento Fis & Astron Galileo Galilei
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  • D. Pollacco, Univ Warwick, University of Warwick, Dept Phys
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  • H. Rauer, TU Berlin, Technical University of Berlin, Ctr Astron & Astrophys
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  • P. P. Avelino, Univ Porto, Universidade do Porto, Dept Fisica & Astron, Fac Ciencias
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  • C. Barban, Univ Paris 07, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS), University of Paris Diderot - Paris VII, Universite Sorbonne Paris Cite-USPC (COMUE), Pierre & Marie Curie University - Paris 6, PSL Research University Paris, Observatoire de Paris, Univ Pierre & Marie Curie, CNRS, LESIA,Observ Paris,PSL Res Univ
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  • B. Barbuy, Univ Sao Paulo, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Inst Astron & Geofis, Dept Astron
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  • S. Basu, Yale Univ, Yale University, Dept Astron
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  • F. Baudin, Univ Paris XI, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS), University of Paris Sud - Paris XI, Universite Paris Saclay (ComUE), Sorbonne Universites (ComUE), Pierre & Marie Curie University - Paris VI, CNRS, Inst Astrophys Spatiale, UMR 8617
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  • O. Benomar, NYU, NYUAD Inst, Ctr Space Sci
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  • O. Bienayme, Univ Strasbourg, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS), University of Strasbourg, Observ Astron Strasbourg, CNRS, UMR 7550
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  • J. Binney, Univ Oxford, University of Oxford, Rudolf Peierls Ctr Theoret Phys
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  • J. Bland-Hawthorn, Univ Sydney, University of Sydney, Sch Phys, Sydney Inst Astron
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  • A. Bressan, Scuola Int Super Studi Avanzati, International School for Advanced Studies
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  • C. Cacciari, Osservatorio Astron Bologna, Istituto Nazionale Astrofisica - Italy, INAF
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  • T. L. Campante, Georg August Univ Gottingen, University of Gottingen, Inst Astrophys
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  • S. Cassisi, INAF, Istituto Nazionale Astrofisica - Italy, Astron Observ Teramo
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  • J. Christensen-Dalsgaard
  • F. Combes, Sorbonne Univ, College de France, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS), PSL Research University Paris, PSL Univ, CNRS, Coll France
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  • O. Creevey, Univer Cote Azur, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS), Observ Cote Azur, CNRS, Lab Lagrange
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  • M. S. Cunha, Univ Porto, Universidade do Porto, CAUP, Inst Astrofis & Ciencias Espaco
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  • R. S. de Jong, Leibniz Inst Astrophys Potsdam AIP, Leibniz Institut fur Astrophysik Potsdam (AIP)
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  • P. de laverny, Univer Cote Azur, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS), Observ Cote Azur, CNRS, Lab Lagrange
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  • S. Degl'Innocenti, INFN, Istituto Nazionale Geofisica e Vulcanologia (INGV), Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Sez Pisa
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  • S. Deheuvels, IRAP, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS), Universite de Toulouse, Universite Federale Toulouse Midi-Pyrenees (ComUE), Universite Toulouse III - Paul Sabatier
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  • E. Depagne, Southern African Large Telescope South African As
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  • J. De Ridder, Katholieke Univ Leuven, KU Leuven, Inst Sterrekunde
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  • P. Di Matteo, Univ Paris Diderot, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS), University of Paris Diderot - Paris VII, Universite Sorbonne Paris Cite-USPC (COMUE), PSL Research University Paris, Observatoire de Paris, PSL Res Univ, CNRS, GEPI,Observ Paris,Sorbonne Paris Cite
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  • M. P. Di Mauro, INAF IAPS Ist Astrofis Planetol Spaziali, Istituto Nazionale Astrofisica - Italy
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  • M. -A. Dupret, Univ Liege, University of Liege, Space Sci Technol & Astrophys Res STAR Inst
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  • P. Eggenberger, Univ Geneva, University of Geneva, Dept Astron
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  • Y. Elsworth, Univ Birmingham, University of Birmingham, Sch Phys & Astron
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  • B. Famaey, Univ Strasbourg, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS), University of Strasbourg, Observ Astron Strasbourg, CNRS, UMR 7550
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  • S. Feltzing, Lund Observ, Lund University, Dept Astron & Theoret Phy
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  • R. A. Garcia, Univ Paris Diderot, CEA, University of Paris Diderot - Paris VII, Universite Sorbonne Paris Cite-USPC (COMUE), Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS), Lab AIM, CEA, DRF,CNRS,IRFU,SAp,Ctr Saclay
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  • O. Gerhard, OPINAS, Max Planck Society, Max Planck Inst Extraterr Phys
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  • B. K. Gibson, Univ Hull, University of Hull, EA Milne Ctr Astrophys
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  • L. Gizon, Max Planck Inst Stromungsforsch, Max Planck Society
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  • M. Haywood, Univ Paris Diderot, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS), University of Paris Diderot - Paris VII, Universite Sorbonne Paris Cite-USPC (COMUE), PSL Research University Paris, Observatoire de Paris, PSL Res Univ, CNRS, GEPI,Observ Paris,Sorbonne Paris Cite
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  • R. Handberg
  • U. Heiter, Uppsala Univ, Uppsala University, Dept Phys & Astron, Observ Astrophys
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  • S. Hekker, Max Planck Inst Stromungsforsch, Max Planck Society
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  • D. Huber, Univ Sydney, University of Sydney, Sydney Inst Astron SIfA, Sch Phys, SETI Inst
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  • R. Ibata, Univ Strasbourg, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS), University of Strasbourg, Observ Astron Strasbourg, CNRS, UMR 7550
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  • D. Katz, Univ Paris Diderot, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS), University of Paris Diderot - Paris VII, Universite Sorbonne Paris Cite-USPC (COMUE), PSL Research University Paris, Observatoire de Paris, PSL Res Univ, CNRS, GEPI,Observ Paris,Sorbonne Paris Cite
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  • S. D. Kawaler, Iowa State Univ, Iowa State University, Dept Phys & Astron
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  • H. Kjeldsen
  • D. W. Kurtz, Univ Cent Lancashire, University of Central Lancashire, Jeremiah Horrocks Inst
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  • N. Lagarde, Univ Bourgogne Franche Comte, Universite de Franche-Comte, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS), Universite Bourgogne Franche-Comte (ComUE), University of Bourgogne, CNRS, Inst UTINAM,UMR6213, OSU THETA Franche Comte Bourgogne,Obv Besancon
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  • Y. Lebreton, Univ Rennes 1, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS), University of Rennes 1, European University Bretagne, Inst Phys Rennes, CNRS, UMR 6251
  • ,
  • M. N. Lund
  • S. R. Majewski, Univ Virginia, University of Virginia, Dept Astron
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  • P. Marigo, Univ Padua, University of Padua, Dipartimento Fis & Astron Galileo Galilei
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  • M. Martig, Liverpool John Moores University
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  • S. Mathur, Space Telescope Sci Inst
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  • I. Minchev, Leibniz Inst Astrophys Potsdam AIP, Leibniz Institut fur Astrophysik Potsdam (AIP)
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  • T. Morel, Univ Liege, University of Liege, Space Sci Technol & Astrophys Res STAR Inst
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  • S. Ortolani, Univ Padua, University of Padua, Dipartimento Fis & Astron Galileo Galilei
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  • M. H. Pinsonneault, Ohio State Univ, Ohio State University, Dept Astron
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  • B. Plez, Univ Montpellier, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS), Universite de Montpellier, Languedoc-Roussillon Universites (ComUE), Lab Univ & Particules Montpellier, CNRS
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  • P. G. Prada Moroni, INFN, Istituto Nazionale Geofisica e Vulcanologia (INGV), Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Sez Pisa
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  • D. Pricopi, Romanian Acad, Romanian Academy of Sciences, Astron Inst
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  • A. Recio-Blanco, Univer Cote Azur, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS), Observ Cote Azur, CNRS, Lab Lagrange
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  • C. Reyle, Univ Bourgogne Franche Comte, Universite de Franche-Comte, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS), Universite Bourgogne Franche-Comte (ComUE), University of Bourgogne, CNRS, Inst UTINAM,UMR6213, OSU THETA Franche Comte Bourgogne,Obv Besancon
  • ,
  • A. Robin, Univ Bourgogne Franche Comte, Universite de Franche-Comte, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS), Universite Bourgogne Franche-Comte (ComUE), University of Bourgogne, CNRS, Inst UTINAM,UMR6213, OSU THETA Franche Comte Bourgogne,Obv Besancon
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  • I. W. Roxburgh, Queen Mary Univ London, Queen Mary University London, University College London, University of London, Sch Phys & Astron, Astron Unit
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  • M. Salaris, Liverpool John Moores University
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  • B. X. Santiago, Univ Fed Rio Grande do Sul, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Inst Fis
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  • R. Schiavon, Liverpool John Moores University
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  • A. Serenelli, Inst Space Sci IEEC CSIC, Institut d'Estudis Espacials de Catalunya (IEEC), Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas (CSIC)
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  • S. Sharma, Univ Sydney, University of Sydney, Sch Phys, Sydney Inst Astron
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  • V. Silva Aguirre
  • C. Soubiran, Univ Bordeaux, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS), Communaute d'Universites et Etablissements d'Aquitaine (ComUE), Lab Astrophys Bordeaux, CNRS
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  • M. Steinmetz, Leibniz Inst Astrophys Potsdam AIP, Leibniz Institut fur Astrophysik Potsdam (AIP)
  • ,
  • D. Stello
  • K. G. Strassmeier, Leibniz Inst Astrophys Potsdam AIP, Leibniz Institut fur Astrophysik Potsdam (AIP)
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  • P. Ventura, INAF, Istituto Nazionale Astrofisica - Italy, Osservatorio Astronom Roma
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  • R. Ventura, INAF, Istituto Nazionale Astrofisica - Italy, Osservatorio Astrofisico Catania
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  • N. A. Walton, Univ Cambridge, University of Cambridge, Inst Astron
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  • C. C. Worley, Univ Cambridge, University of Cambridge, Inst Astron

Deciphering the assembly history of the Milky Way is a formidable task, which becomes possible only if one can produce high-resolution chrono-chemo-kinematical maps of the Galaxy. Data from large-scale astrometric and spectroscopic surveys will soon provide us with a well-defined view of the current chemo-kinematical structure of the Milky Way, but it will only enable a blurred view on the temporal sequence that led to the present-day Galaxy. As demonstrated by the (ongoing) exploitation of data from the pioneering photometric missions CoRoT, Kepler, and K2, asteroseismology provides the way forward: solar-like oscillating giants are excellent evolutionary clocks thanks to the availability of seismic constraints on their mass and to the tight age-initial mass relation they adhere to. In this paper we identify five key outstanding questions relating to the formation and evolution of the Milky Way that will need precise and accurate ages for large samples of stars to be addressed, and we identify the requirements in terms of number of targets and the precision on the stellar properties that are needed to tackle such questions. By quantifying the asteroseismic yields expected from PLATO for red giant stars, we demonstrate that these requirements are within the capabilities of the current instrument design, provided that observations are sufficiently long to identify the evolutionary state and allow robust and precise determination of acoustic-mode frequencies. This will allow us to harvest data of sufficient quality to reach a 10% precision in age. This is a fundamental prerequisite to then reach the more ambitious goal of a similar level of accuracy, which will be possible only if we have at hand a careful appraisal of systematic uncertainties on age deriving from our limited understanding of stellar physics, a goal that conveniently falls within the main aims of PLATO's core science. We therefore strongly endorse PLATO's current design and proposed observational strategy, and conclude that PLATO, as it is, will be a legacy mission for Galactic archaeology.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftAstronomische Nachrichten
Vol/bind338
Nummer6
Sider (fra-til)644-661
Antal sider18
ISSN0004-6337
DOI
StatusUdgivet - jul. 2017

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