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Mikkel Nørup Lund

Fundamental Properties of Kepler Planet-candidate Host Stars using Asteroseismology

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  • Daniel Huber, NASA Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, CA 94035, USA
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  • William J. Chaplin, School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Birmingham, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK
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  • Jørgen Christensen-Dalsgaard
  • Ronald L. Gilliland, Center for Exoplanets and Habitable Worlds, The Pennsylvania State University, 525 Davey Lab, University Park, PA 16802, USA
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  • Hans Kjeldsen
  • Lars A. Buchhave, Københavns Universitet
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  • Debra A. Fischer, Department of Astronomy, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06511, USA
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  • Jack J. Lissauer, NASA Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, CA 94035, USA
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  • Jason F. Rowe, NASA Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, CA 94035, USA
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  • Roberto Sanchis-Ojeda, Department of Physics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 77 Massachusetts Ave., Cambridge, MA 02139, USA
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  • Sarbani Basu, Department of Astronomy, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06511, USA
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  • Rasmus Handberg
  • Saskia Hekker, Astronomical Institute Anton Pannekoek, University of Amsterdam, Science Park 904, 1098 XH Amsterdam, The Netherlands
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  • Andrew W. Howard, Institute for Astronomy, University of Hawaii, 2680 Woodlawn Drive, Honolulu, HI 96822, USA
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  • Howard Isaacson, Department of Astronomy, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA
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  • Christoffer Karoff
  • David W. Latham, Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
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  • Mikkel N. Lund
  • Mia Lundkvist
  • Geoffrey W. Marcy, Department of Astronomy, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA
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  • Andrea Miglio, School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Birmingham, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK
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  • Victor Silva Aguirre
  • Dennis Stello, Sydney Institute for Astronomy (SIfA), School of Physics, University of Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia
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  • Torben Arentoft, Danmark
  • Thomas Barclay, NASA Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, CA 94035, USA
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  • Timothy R. Bedding, Sydney Institute for Astronomy (SIfA), School of Physics, University of Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia
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  • Christopher J. Burke, NASA Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, CA 94035, USA
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  • Jessie L. Christiansen, NASA Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, CA 94035, USA
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  • Yvonne P. Elsworth, School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Birmingham, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK
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  • Michael R. Haas, NASA Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, CA 94035, USA
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  • Steven D. Kawaler, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Iowa State University, Ames, IA 50011, USA
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  • Travis S. Metcalfe, Space Science Institute, Boulder, CO 80301, USA
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  • Fergal Mullally, NASA Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, CA 94035, USA
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  • Susan E. Thompson, NASA Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, CA 94035, USA
We have used asteroseismology to determine fundamental properties for 66 Kepler planet-candidate host stars, with typical uncertainties of 3% and 7% in radius and mass, respectively. The results include new asteroseismic solutions for four host stars with confirmed planets (Kepler-4, Kepler-14, Kepler-23 and Kepler-25) and increase the total number of Kepler host stars with asteroseismic solutions to 77. A comparison with stellar properties in the planet-candidate catalog by Batalha et al. shows that radii for subgiants and giants obtained from spectroscopic follow-up are systematically too low by up to a factor of 1.5, while the properties for unevolved stars are in good agreement. We furthermore apply asteroseismology to confirm that a large majority of cool main-sequence hosts are indeed dwarfs and not misclassified giants. Using the revised stellar properties, we recalculate the radii for 107 planet candidates in our sample, and comment on candidates for which the radii change from a previously giant-planet/brown-dwarf/stellar regime to a sub-Jupiter size or vice versa. A comparison of stellar densities from asteroseismology with densities derived from transit models in Batalha et al. assuming circular orbits shows significant disagreement for more than half of the sample due to systematics in the modeled impact parameters or due to planet candidates that may be in eccentric orbits. Finally, we investigate tentative correlations between host-star masses and planet-candidate radii, orbital periods, and multiplicity, but caution that these results may be influenced by the small sample size and detection biases.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftAstrophysical Journal
Vol/bind767
Nummer2
Sider (fra-til)127
ISSN0004-637X
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 1 apr. 2013

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