Mikkel Hovden Christensen

How a short pore forming peptide spans the lipid membrane

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Many antimicrobial peptides function by forming pores in the plasma membrane of the target cells. Intriguingly, some of these peptides are very short, and thus, it is not known how they can span the membrane, or whether other mechanisms of cell disruption are dominant. Here, the conformation and orientation of the 14-residue peptaibol SPF-5506-A(4) (SPF) are investigated in lipid environments by atomistic and coarse grained molecular dynamics (MD) simulations, circular dichroism, and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) experiments. The MD simulations show that SPF is inserted spontaneously in a transmembrane orientation in both 1,2-dimyristoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine and 1-palmitoyl-2-oleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine bilayers resulting in thinning of the bilayers near the peptides, which drives the peptide aggregation. Furthermore, the backbone conformation of the peptide in the bilayer bound state is different from that of the NMR model solved in small bicelles. These results demonstrate that mutual adaption between the peptides and the membrane is likely to be important for pore formation. (C) 2017 American Vacuum Society.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
Artikelnummer02D405
TidsskriftBiointerphases
Vol/bind12
Nummer2
Antal sider10
ISSN1934-8630
DOI
StatusUdgivet - jun. 2017

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