Institut for Biomedicin

Mikael Esmann

Structural integrity of the membrane domains in extensively trypsinized Na,K-ATPase from shark rectal glands

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  • Institut for Fysiologi og Biofysik
  • Molekylærbiologisk Institut
Removal of extramembranous portions of the integral membrane protein Na,K-ATPase from shark salt glands by trypsin in the presence of Rb+ (a K+ congener) preserves the intramembranous association of the remaining membrane-spanning tryptic peptides. This is evidenced from comparison of the rotational mobility of native and trypsinized Na,K-ATPase using saturation transfer electron spin resonance spectroscopy (ESR) and from study of the lipid-protein interactions using conventional ESR spectroscopy. The interface between the lipids and the intramembranous domains is conserved on removal of the extramembranous parts of the protein, since the population of motionally restricted boundary lipids remains essentially the same in the native and trypsinized preparations. The ability to occlude Rb+ is also retained by the trypsinized membranes, as previously observed with pig kidney Na,K-ATPase. A 19-kDa fragment remaining when Na,K-ATPase is trypsinized in the presence of Rb+ is degraded further when the trypsinization is carried out in the presence of Na+ instead of Rb+. The rotational mobility of the tryptic fragments in the Na(+)-trypsinized membranes is lower than for the Rb(+)-trypsinized membranes, indicating rearrangement of the peptides. In addition, occlusion capacity is lost when trypsinization is carried out in Na+, suggesting a correlation between structure and function in the trypsinized membranes. The sequences of four membrane-spanning tryptic fragments of shark Na,K-ATPase are found to be almost identical to corresponding sequences in pig kidney Na,K-ATPase.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftBiochemistry
Vol/bind33
Nummer26
Sider (fra-til)8044-8050
Antal sider7
ISSN0006-2960
StatusUdgivet - 5 jul. 1994

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