Institut for Biomedicin

Mikael Esmann

Spin-label studies on the origin of the specificity of lipid-protein interactions in Na+,K+-ATPase membranes from Squalus acanthias

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  • Institut for Fysiologi og Biofysik
The pH dependence and salt dependence of the lipid-protein interactions of phosphatidic acid, phosphatidylserine, and stearic acid with Na+,K+-ATPase membranes from Squalus acanthias have been studied with spin-label electron spin resonance spectroscopy, using lipids with nitroxide labels on the 14-position C atom of the sn-2 chain. For phosphatidic acid and stearic acid, the fraction of motionally restricted spin-label increases with increasing pH, with pKa's of 6.6 and 8.0, respectively. In contrast, the pKa of stearic acid in the bulk lipid environment of the membrane is estimated from spin-label spectroscopy to be approximately equal to 6.6. The fraction of motionally restricted phosphatidylserine spin-label remains constant over the pH range 4.7-9.2. In the fully dissociated state the fractions of motionally restricted spin-labeled phosphatidic and stearic acids decrease with increasing salt concentration, reaching an approximately constant value at [NaCl] = 0.5-1.0 M. For stearic acid the net decrease is comparable to that obtained on protonation, but for phosphatidic acid the decrease is considerably smaller (by approximately 55%) than that obtained on protonating the lipid. The fraction of motionally restricted phosphatidylserine spin-label varies relatively little with salt concentration up to 1 M NaCl. Direct electrostatic effects alone cannot account for the whole of the observed specificity of interaction of the two phospholipids with Na+,K+-ATPase membranes.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftBiochemistry
Vol/bind24
Nummer14
Sider (fra-til)3572-3578
Antal sider7
ISSN0006-2960
StatusUdgivet - 2 jul. 1985

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