Institut for Biomedicin

Mikael Esmann

Novel spin-labels for the study of lipid-protein interactions. Application to (Na+, K+)-ATPase membranes

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  • Institut for Fysiologi og Biofysik
The interactions of a series of spin-labeled fatty acids, in which the nitroxide ring is incorporated in different ways as an integral part of the hydrocarbon chain, with the (Na+,K+)-ATPase in membranes from Squalus acanthias, have been studied by electron spin resonance spectroscopy. The fatty acids are 2,4-, 2,5-, and 3,2-substituents of 2,2,5,5-tetramethylpyrrolidine-N-oxyl and belong to the class of minimal perturbation nitroxide probes. For all five fatty acid labels, a motionally restricted lipid component was observed in the ESR spectra of (Na+,K+)-ATPase membranes, in addition to the fluid component, which was found in the spectra of the extracted membrane lipids. The pH dependence of the motionally restricted spin-label population indicated a sensitivity in the selectivity of the lipid-protein interaction to the protonation state of the fatty acid. These results agree with those found previously for the conventional oxazolidine (doxyl) fatty acid and phospholipid spin-label derivatives [Esmann, M., Watts, A., & Marsh, D. (1985) Biochemistry 24, 1386-1393] and indicate that the motion of the lipid chains is significantly hindered by interaction with the protein, irrespective of the nature of the spin-label group.
Sider (fra-til)3913-3917
Antal sider5
StatusUdgivet - 31 maj 1988

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