Institut for Biomedicin

Mikael Esmann

Influence of Na+ on conformational states in membrane-bound renal Na,K-ATPase

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  • Institut for Fysiologi og Biofysik
Conformational states of the Na,K-ATPase and rates of transition between these are studied using the fluorescent dye eosin as a marker for the Na+ form (E1) and occlusion of 86Rb+ as a marker for the K+ form (E2). The aim of the present paper is to propose that the E1 form of the Na,K-ATPase can be liganded with a number of Rb+ and Na+ ions and that only some of these E1 forms bind eosin and thus probably nucleotides with high affinity. Experiments are performed with Na,K-ATPase isolated from pig kidney. Binding of eosin occurs only when Na+ is present at millimolar concentrations, and the observed rate of binding is slow when Rb+ is present. The rate of eosin binding after a sudden increase in the Na+ concentration is about the same as the rate of deocclusion of Rb+, suggesting that eosin monitors the rate of the E2 to E1 transition. Titrations of eosin fluorescence with Na+ indicate that binding of more than one Na+ occurs when high-affinity eosin binding takes place. With 0.05 mM RbCl and 4 mM NaCl present, the Na,K-ATPase is a mixture of at least two enzyme species which do not bind eosin with high affinity. One species is the E2 form with Rb+ occluded, and transition of this form to E1 gives rise to a small observed rate constant for eosin binding when the Na+ concentration is suddenly increased to about 25 mM.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftBiochemistry
Vol/bind33
Nummer28
Sider (fra-til)8558-8565
Antal sider8
ISSN0006-2960
StatusUdgivet - 19 jul. 1994

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