Michael Schou Jensen

Metformin modulates immune cell infiltration into the kidney during unilateral ureteral obstruction in mice

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Metformin is today the first choice treatment for type-2 diabetes, but has also protective effects in several renal disease models. Previously, we have demonstrated that the protective effects in response to unilateral ureteral obstruction (UUO) are independent of organic cation transporters (OCTs), the transporters responsible for the metformin uptake into the renal cells. The mechanisms behind the renoprotective effects are incompletely understood, but our previous results indicate that the renoprotective effects at least partly could be dependent on actions of metformin outside the renal cells. In this study, we investigate whether the renoprotective effects of metformin can be mediated via systemic immunomodulatory actions. We demonstrated that metformin can affect the immune system in the kidney as well as in the peripheral blood and spleen following UUO. UUO kidneys showed infiltration of immune cells including monocytes, B cells, and T cells, but metformin limited infiltration of all cell types. UUO animals had increased spleen sizes, but this increase was attenuated by metformin. Metformin treatment surprisingly resulted in a higher proportion of monocytes with infiltratory capacity 7 days after UUO. Other studies have suggested that metformin regulates monocyte maturation through signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) activation, as also indicated by our results. In conclusion, our results demonstrate that metformin limits the infiltration of immune cells into the kidney, as well as modulates immune cell composition at a systemic level.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
Artikelnummere14141
TidsskriftPhysiological Reports
Vol/bind7
Nummer13
Antal sider11
ISSN2051-817X
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 1 jul. 2019

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