Martin Hansen

Dichlobenil and 2,6-dichlorobenzamide (BAM) in the environment: what are the risks to humans and biota?

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskrift/Konferencebidrag i tidsskrift /Bidrag til avisTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

Standard

Dichlobenil and 2,6-dichlorobenzamide (BAM) in the environment: what are the risks to humans and biota? / Björklund, Erland; Styrishave, Bjarne; Anskjær, Gitte Gotholdt; Hansen, Martin; Halling-Sørensen, Bent.

I: Science of the Total Environment, Bind 409, Nr. 19, 01.09.2011, s. 3732-3739.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskrift/Konferencebidrag i tidsskrift /Bidrag til avisTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

Harvard

APA

CBE

Björklund E, Styrishave B, Anskjær GG, Hansen M, Halling-Sørensen B. 2011. Dichlobenil and 2,6-dichlorobenzamide (BAM) in the environment: what are the risks to humans and biota?. Science of the Total Environment. 409(19):3732-3739.

MLA

Björklund, Erland o.a.. "Dichlobenil and 2,6-dichlorobenzamide (BAM) in the environment: what are the risks to humans and biota?". Science of the Total Environment. 2011, 409(19). 3732-3739.

Vancouver

Björklund E, Styrishave B, Anskjær GG, Hansen M, Halling-Sørensen B. Dichlobenil and 2,6-dichlorobenzamide (BAM) in the environment: what are the risks to humans and biota? Science of the Total Environment. 2011 sep 1;409(19):3732-3739.

Author

Björklund, Erland ; Styrishave, Bjarne ; Anskjær, Gitte Gotholdt ; Hansen, Martin ; Halling-Sørensen, Bent. / Dichlobenil and 2,6-dichlorobenzamide (BAM) in the environment: what are the risks to humans and biota?. I: Science of the Total Environment. 2011 ; Bind 409, Nr. 19. s. 3732-3739.

Bibtex

@article{653e2b7c2fc441f5a09452e31ace2a9f,
title = "Dichlobenil and 2,6-dichlorobenzamide (BAM) in the environment: what are the risks to humans and biota?",
abstract = "Dichlobenil is a herbicide widely used for weed control, mainly in non-agricultural areas and in the aquatic environment. When released into the environment, dichlobenil can undergo many processes such as vaporization to air, binding to soil and sediment, as well as degradation to a number of new compounds. The main metabolite is 2,6-dichlorobenzamide (BAM) which is water soluble and causes ground water contamination. It is frequently found in levels exceeding maximum allowed concentrations of pesticides and metabolites in ground water (0.1 μg/L) set by the European Commission. The environmental distribution of both dichlobenil and BAM was outlined and the risk quotients were calculated for biota and for humans. For organisms living in aquatic habitats, risk quotients were low for both dichlobenil and BAM, approximately 0.02 for dichlobenil and 2.4·10(-4) to 1.3·10(-3) for BAM. For humans, a margin of safety above 15,000 was estimated for dichlobenil. The most unusual and extreme concentration of BAM ever found in ground water is 560 μg/L. Even at this concentration, the margin of safety for humans was 313 for a 70 kilo man and 56 for a 25 kilo child. The results clearly demonstrate that the risks to biota and humans are very low.",
author = "Erland Bj{\"o}rklund and Bjarne Styrishave and Anskj{\ae}r, {Gitte Gotholdt} and Martin Hansen and Bent Halling-S{\o}rensen",
year = "2011",
month = sep,
day = "1",
language = "English",
volume = "409",
pages = "3732--3739",
journal = "Science of the Total Environment",
issn = "0048-9697",
publisher = "Elsevier BV",
number = "19",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Dichlobenil and 2,6-dichlorobenzamide (BAM) in the environment: what are the risks to humans and biota?

AU - Björklund, Erland

AU - Styrishave, Bjarne

AU - Anskjær, Gitte Gotholdt

AU - Hansen, Martin

AU - Halling-Sørensen, Bent

PY - 2011/9/1

Y1 - 2011/9/1

N2 - Dichlobenil is a herbicide widely used for weed control, mainly in non-agricultural areas and in the aquatic environment. When released into the environment, dichlobenil can undergo many processes such as vaporization to air, binding to soil and sediment, as well as degradation to a number of new compounds. The main metabolite is 2,6-dichlorobenzamide (BAM) which is water soluble and causes ground water contamination. It is frequently found in levels exceeding maximum allowed concentrations of pesticides and metabolites in ground water (0.1 μg/L) set by the European Commission. The environmental distribution of both dichlobenil and BAM was outlined and the risk quotients were calculated for biota and for humans. For organisms living in aquatic habitats, risk quotients were low for both dichlobenil and BAM, approximately 0.02 for dichlobenil and 2.4·10(-4) to 1.3·10(-3) for BAM. For humans, a margin of safety above 15,000 was estimated for dichlobenil. The most unusual and extreme concentration of BAM ever found in ground water is 560 μg/L. Even at this concentration, the margin of safety for humans was 313 for a 70 kilo man and 56 for a 25 kilo child. The results clearly demonstrate that the risks to biota and humans are very low.

AB - Dichlobenil is a herbicide widely used for weed control, mainly in non-agricultural areas and in the aquatic environment. When released into the environment, dichlobenil can undergo many processes such as vaporization to air, binding to soil and sediment, as well as degradation to a number of new compounds. The main metabolite is 2,6-dichlorobenzamide (BAM) which is water soluble and causes ground water contamination. It is frequently found in levels exceeding maximum allowed concentrations of pesticides and metabolites in ground water (0.1 μg/L) set by the European Commission. The environmental distribution of both dichlobenil and BAM was outlined and the risk quotients were calculated for biota and for humans. For organisms living in aquatic habitats, risk quotients were low for both dichlobenil and BAM, approximately 0.02 for dichlobenil and 2.4·10(-4) to 1.3·10(-3) for BAM. For humans, a margin of safety above 15,000 was estimated for dichlobenil. The most unusual and extreme concentration of BAM ever found in ground water is 560 μg/L. Even at this concentration, the margin of safety for humans was 313 for a 70 kilo man and 56 for a 25 kilo child. The results clearly demonstrate that the risks to biota and humans are very low.

M3 - Journal article

VL - 409

SP - 3732

EP - 3739

JO - Science of the Total Environment

JF - Science of the Total Environment

SN - 0048-9697

IS - 19

ER -