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Marie Louise Overgaard Svendsen

Age- and sex-related differences in use of guideline-recommended care and mortality among patients with incident heart failure in Denmark

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskrift/Konferencebidrag i tidsskrift /Bidrag til avisTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

DOI

  • Anne Nakano, Department of Clinical Epidemiology, Aarhus University Hospital, Olof Palmes Alle 43, DK-8200 Aarhus N, Denmark.
  • ,
  • Kenneth Egstrup, Department of Cardiology, Odense University Hospital, Svendborg, Denmark.
  • ,
  • Marie Louise Overgaard Svendsen
  • Inge Schjødt, Department of Cardiology, Aarhus University Hospital, Skejby Hospital, Aarhus, Denmark.
  • ,
  • Lars Jakobsen, Department of Cardiology, Aarhus University Hospital, Skejby Hospital, Aarhus, Denmark.
  • ,
  • Frank Mehnert
  • Søren Paaske Johnsen

BACKGROUND: data are sparse on age- and sex-related differences in use of guideline-recommended care and subsequent mortality among patients with heart failure (HF).

METHODS: we identified 24,308 incident patients with a verified primary diagnosis of HF recorded during 2003-2010 in the Danish Heart Failure Registry. The registry monitors guideline-recommended processes of care: echocardiography, New York Heart Association Classification, treatment with angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors/angiotensin II receptor blockers, betablockers, physical training and patient education.

RESULTS: older age was associated with lower use of recommended processes of care. Relative risk (RR) for receiving processes of care varied for men >80 years from 0.52 to 0.91 compared with men ≤65 years. Corresponding RRs among women >80 years varied from 0.55 to 0.89 compared with women ≤65 years. Older age was as expected associated with higher 1 year mortality (32.6% among men >80 years versus 5.4% among men ≤65 years and 33.8% among women >80 years versus 6.6% among women ≤65 years). The corresponding hazard ratios (HRs) were 4.54 (95% CI 3.93-5.25) and 4.08 (95% CI 3.51-4.75) for the oldest versus youngest men and women, after adjustment for patient characteristics. Adjustment for differences in care lowered HRs among the oldest age groups (adjusted HR 3.87 for men and 3.48 for women, respectively). The findings were also confirmed when stratifying the patients according to left ventricular ejection fraction ≤40% and >40%.

CONCLUSION: older patients with HF were less likely to receive guideline-recommended processes of care, irrespective of sex. Lower level of care may contribute to an excess mortality observed among the older patients.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftAge and Ageing
Vol/bind45
Nummer5
Sider (fra-til)635-42
Antal sider8
ISSN0002-0729
DOI
StatusUdgivet - sep. 2016

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