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Activin type IIA decoy receptor and intermittent parathyroid hormone in combination overturns the bone loss in disuse-osteopenic mice

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Damage of the lower motor neuron cell bodies or their axons results in reduced or abolished voluntary movement accompanied by a substantial loss of bone and muscle mass. Intermittent parathyroid hormone 1-34 (PTH) (teriparatide) is one of the most potent bone-anabolic treatment regimens. ActRIIA-mFc is an activin type IIA decoy receptor that increases bone mass mediated by inhibition of the activin receptor signaling pathway. We investigated whether PTH or ActRIIA-mFc alone or in combination could prevent loss of bone and muscle mass induced by injecting botulinum toxin A (BTX) into the right hind limb in mice. Seventy-two 16-week-old female C57BL/6 mice were allocated to the following groups: Baseline, Control, BTX, BTX + ActRIIA-mFc (10 mg/kg), BTX + PTH (100 μg/kg), and BTX + ActRIIA-mFc + PTH. The mice were sacrificed after three weeks of disuse and treatment. In contrast to monotherapy with PTH, ActRIIA-mFc alone or in combination with PTH was able partly or completely to prevent disuse-induced loss of whole femoral bone mass, trabecular thickness, and bone strength. Moreover, an additive effect of ActRIIA-mFc and PTH on areal bone mineral density and trabecular bone volume was found. In summary, ActRIIA-mFc and PTH in combination were more effective in preventing disuse-induced bone loss and deterioration of trabecular micro-architecture than either treatment alone.

Antal sider12
StatusUdgivet - jan. 2021

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