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Marcin Antoni Jackowicz-Korczynski

Multi-year data-model evaluation reveals the importance of nutrient availability over climate in arctic ecosystem C dynamics

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Multi-year data-model evaluation reveals the importance of nutrient availability over climate in arctic ecosystem C dynamics. / López-Blanco, Efrén; Jackowicz-Korczynski, Marcin Antoni; Mastepanov, Mikhail; Skov, Kirstine; Westergaard-Nielsen, Andreas; Williams, Mathew; Christensen, Torben Røjle.

I: Environmental Research Letters, Bind 15, Nr. 9, 094007, 2020.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskrift/Konferencebidrag i tidsskrift /Bidrag til avisLetterpeer review

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@article{330bf2a1795a47a288d1216cdf869700,
title = "Multi-year data-model evaluation reveals the importance of nutrient availability over climate in arctic ecosystem C dynamics",
abstract = "Arctic tundra is a globally important store for carbon (C). However, there is a lack of reference sites characterising C exchange dynamics across annual cycles. Based on the Greenland Ecosystem Monitoring (GEM) programme, here we present 9-11 years of flux and ecosystem data across the period 2008-2018 from two wetland sites in Greenland: Zackenberg (74 degrees N) and Kobbefjord (64 degrees N). The Zackenberg fen was a strong C sink despite its higher latitude and shorter growing seasons compared to the Kobbefjord fen. On average the ecosystem in Zackenberg took up similar to-50 g C m(-2)yr(-1)(range of +21 to -90 g C m(-2)yr(-1)), more than twice that of Kobbefjord (mean similar to-18 g C m(-2)yr(-1), and range of +41 to - 41 g C m(-2)yr(-1)). The larger net carbon sequestration in Zackenberg fen was associated with higher leaf nitrogen (71%), leaf area index (140%), and plant quality (i.e. C:N ratio; 36%). Additional evidence fromin-situmeasurements includes 3 times higher levels of dissolved organic carbon in soils and 5 times more available plant nutrients, including dissolved organic nitrogen (N) and nitrates, in Zackenberg. Simulations using the soil-plant-atmosphere ecosystem model showed that Zackenberg's stronger CO(2)sink could be related to measured differences in plant nutrients, and their effects on photosynthesis and respiration. The model explained 69% of the variability of net ecosystem exchange of CO2, 80% for photosynthesis and 71% for respiration over 11 years at Zackenberg, similar to previous results at Kobbefjord (73%, 73%, and 50%, respectively, over 8 years). We conclude that growing season limitations of plant phenology on net C uptake have been more than counterbalanced by the increased leaf nutrient content at the Zackenberg site.",
keywords = "arctic tundra, Greenland, net ecosystem exchange, photosynthesis, ecosystem respiration, nutrient availability",
author = "Efr{\'e}n L{\'o}pez-Blanco and Jackowicz-Korczynski, {Marcin Antoni} and Mikhail Mastepanov and Kirstine Skov and Andreas Westergaard-Nielsen and Mathew Williams and Christensen, {Torben R{\o}jle}",
year = "2020",
doi = "10.1088/1748-9326/ab865b",
language = "English",
volume = "15",
journal = "Environmental Research Letters",
issn = "1748-9326",
publisher = "IOP Publishing",
number = "9",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Multi-year data-model evaluation reveals the importance of nutrient availability over climate in arctic ecosystem C dynamics

AU - López-Blanco, Efrén

AU - Jackowicz-Korczynski, Marcin Antoni

AU - Mastepanov, Mikhail

AU - Skov, Kirstine

AU - Westergaard-Nielsen, Andreas

AU - Williams, Mathew

AU - Christensen, Torben Røjle

PY - 2020

Y1 - 2020

N2 - Arctic tundra is a globally important store for carbon (C). However, there is a lack of reference sites characterising C exchange dynamics across annual cycles. Based on the Greenland Ecosystem Monitoring (GEM) programme, here we present 9-11 years of flux and ecosystem data across the period 2008-2018 from two wetland sites in Greenland: Zackenberg (74 degrees N) and Kobbefjord (64 degrees N). The Zackenberg fen was a strong C sink despite its higher latitude and shorter growing seasons compared to the Kobbefjord fen. On average the ecosystem in Zackenberg took up similar to-50 g C m(-2)yr(-1)(range of +21 to -90 g C m(-2)yr(-1)), more than twice that of Kobbefjord (mean similar to-18 g C m(-2)yr(-1), and range of +41 to - 41 g C m(-2)yr(-1)). The larger net carbon sequestration in Zackenberg fen was associated with higher leaf nitrogen (71%), leaf area index (140%), and plant quality (i.e. C:N ratio; 36%). Additional evidence fromin-situmeasurements includes 3 times higher levels of dissolved organic carbon in soils and 5 times more available plant nutrients, including dissolved organic nitrogen (N) and nitrates, in Zackenberg. Simulations using the soil-plant-atmosphere ecosystem model showed that Zackenberg's stronger CO(2)sink could be related to measured differences in plant nutrients, and their effects on photosynthesis and respiration. The model explained 69% of the variability of net ecosystem exchange of CO2, 80% for photosynthesis and 71% for respiration over 11 years at Zackenberg, similar to previous results at Kobbefjord (73%, 73%, and 50%, respectively, over 8 years). We conclude that growing season limitations of plant phenology on net C uptake have been more than counterbalanced by the increased leaf nutrient content at the Zackenberg site.

AB - Arctic tundra is a globally important store for carbon (C). However, there is a lack of reference sites characterising C exchange dynamics across annual cycles. Based on the Greenland Ecosystem Monitoring (GEM) programme, here we present 9-11 years of flux and ecosystem data across the period 2008-2018 from two wetland sites in Greenland: Zackenberg (74 degrees N) and Kobbefjord (64 degrees N). The Zackenberg fen was a strong C sink despite its higher latitude and shorter growing seasons compared to the Kobbefjord fen. On average the ecosystem in Zackenberg took up similar to-50 g C m(-2)yr(-1)(range of +21 to -90 g C m(-2)yr(-1)), more than twice that of Kobbefjord (mean similar to-18 g C m(-2)yr(-1), and range of +41 to - 41 g C m(-2)yr(-1)). The larger net carbon sequestration in Zackenberg fen was associated with higher leaf nitrogen (71%), leaf area index (140%), and plant quality (i.e. C:N ratio; 36%). Additional evidence fromin-situmeasurements includes 3 times higher levels of dissolved organic carbon in soils and 5 times more available plant nutrients, including dissolved organic nitrogen (N) and nitrates, in Zackenberg. Simulations using the soil-plant-atmosphere ecosystem model showed that Zackenberg's stronger CO(2)sink could be related to measured differences in plant nutrients, and their effects on photosynthesis and respiration. The model explained 69% of the variability of net ecosystem exchange of CO2, 80% for photosynthesis and 71% for respiration over 11 years at Zackenberg, similar to previous results at Kobbefjord (73%, 73%, and 50%, respectively, over 8 years). We conclude that growing season limitations of plant phenology on net C uptake have been more than counterbalanced by the increased leaf nutrient content at the Zackenberg site.

KW - arctic tundra

KW - Greenland

KW - net ecosystem exchange

KW - photosynthesis

KW - ecosystem respiration

KW - nutrient availability

U2 - 10.1088/1748-9326/ab865b

DO - 10.1088/1748-9326/ab865b

M3 - Letter

VL - 15

JO - Environmental Research Letters

JF - Environmental Research Letters

SN - 1748-9326

IS - 9

M1 - 094007

ER -