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Mads Møller Jensen

Smart devices are different: Assessing and mitigating mobile sensing heterogeneities for activity recognition

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The widespread presence of motion sensors on users' personal mobile devices has spawned a growing research interest in human activity recognition (HAR). However, when deployed at a large-scale, e.g., on multiple devices, the performance of a HAR system is often significantly lower than in reported research results. This is due to variations in training and test device hardware and their operating system characteristics among others. In this paper, we systematically investigate sensor-, device- and workload-specific heterogeneities using 36 smartphones and smartwatches, consisting of 13 different device models from four manufacturers. Furthermore, we conduct experiments with nine users and investigate popular feature representation and classification techniques in HAR research. Our results indicate that on-device sensor and sensor handling heterogeneities impair HAR performances significantly. Moreover, the impairments vary significantly across devices and depends on the type of recognition technique used. We systematically evaluate the effect of mobile sensing heterogeneities on HAR and propose a novel clustering-based mitigation technique suitable for large-scale deployment of HAR, where heterogeneity of devices and their usage scenarios are intrinsic.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TitelProceedings of the 13th ACM Conference on Embedded Network Sensor Systems : Sensys 2015
Antal sider14
Udgivelsesår2015
StatusUdgivet - 2015
BegivenhedACM Conference on Embedded Networked Sensor Systems - Seoul, Sydkorea
Varighed: 1 nov. 20154 nov. 2015
Konferencens nummer: 13

Konference

KonferenceACM Conference on Embedded Networked Sensor Systems
Nummer13
LandSydkorea
BySeoul
Periode01/11/201504/11/2015

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