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Lise Wogensen

No effect of remote ischaemic conditioning on inflammation in a porcine kidney transplantation model

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskrift/Konferencebidrag i tidsskrift /Bidrag til avisTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

  • Niels Secher
  • Peter Soendergaard
  • Kristian Ravlo, Department of Renal Medicine, Aarhus University Hospital, Brendstrupgaardsvej 100, Aarhus N 8200, Denmark., Danmark
  • Christoffer Soelling
  • Asger Granfeldt
  • Lise Wogensen
  • Anna K Keller
  • Ulla Moeldrup
  • Ernst O Ostraat, Department of Urology, Aarhus University Hospital, Brendstrupgaardsvej 100, Aarhus N 8200, Denmark., Danmark
  • Troels M Joergensen, Department of Urology, Aarhus University Hospital, Brendstrupgaardsvej 100, Aarhus N 8200, Denmark., Danmark
  • Bente Jespersen
  • Else Toennesen, Department of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine, Aarhus University Hospital, Noerrebrogade 44, Aarhus C 8000, Denmark., Danmark

MAIN PROBLEM: Delayed graft function after kidney transplantation is associated with decreased graft survival and increased patient mortality but the pathogenesis is poorly understood. Remote ischaemic conditioning (rIC) may prevent delayed graft function by an anti-inflammatory effect. In a porcine model of transplantation from adults to children, we investigated the inflammatory response in the transplanted kidney and the effect of rIC.

METHODS: Kidneys were recovered from brain dead donor pigs(63kg) and transplanted into two groups of recipient pigs(15kg) after 22h of cold ischaemia. Recipients were randomised to either: rIC (n=8) performed before the 10-h reperfusion period or no-rIC (n=8). Non-transplanted kidneys from eight brain dead pigs served as controls.

RESULTS: Compared to controls, transplantation increased the number of apoptotic cells, macrophages and neutrophils in the kidney. After transplantation, IL-10 levels increased and IL-6 levels decreased in the kidney, whereas levels of TNF-α and IL-8 were not affected. A significant rise in plasma IL-1β and IL-6 was observed in the recipients after transplantation. Plasma IL-10 was not affected by transplantation and TNF-α and IL-8 were below detection limit. No effect of rIC was found with regards to cell infiltration or cytokine production.

CONCLUSION: Renal transplantation elicits an inflammatory response in the kidney manifested as apoptotic cell death, macrophage and neutrophil infiltration, and an anti-inflammatory cytokine response 10h after transplantation. This response was not modified by rIC.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftTransplant Immunology
Vol/bind31
Nummer2
Sider (fra-til)98-104
Antal sider7
ISSN0966-3274
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 2 aug. 2014

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