Lise Wogensen

Functional and morphological effects of interleukin-1 beta on the perfused rat pancreas

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  • L D Wogensen
  • V Kolb-Bachofen
  • ,
  • P Christensen
  • ,
  • C A Dinarello
  • ,
  • T Mandrup-Poulsen
  • ,
  • S Martin
  • ,
  • J Nerup

We recently reported a potentiating effect of recombinant human interleukin-1 beta on glucose-stimulated insulin release from the isolated perfused pancreas. With the aim of determining whether the stimulatory effect of recombinant interleukin-1 beta on the B cell in the intact gland was modulated by varying the concentration, time of exposure to recombinant interleukin-1 beta or B-cell activity, and to elucidate a possible mechanism of action, we measured in the perfused rat pancreas the release of insulin, glucagon and/or prostaglandin E2 according to the following three different protocols: (1) perfusion with 20 ng/ml of recombinant interleukin-1 beta for 92 min at 5 and 20 mmol/l D-glucose (2) perfusion with varying concentrations of recombinant interleukin-1 beta ranging from 0.1 x 10(-3) ng/ml to 100 ng/ml at 5 and 20 mmol/l D-glucose (3) perfusion with 20 ng/ml of recombinant interleukin-1 beta at 5, 11 or 20 mmol/l D-glucose. Furthermore, in a separate set of experiments we examined the influence of the cytokine on the morphology of the endocrine pancreas. Interleukin-1 beta stimulated insulin secretion at 11 and 20 mmol/l D-glucose and potentiated first as well as second phase insulin release in a dose-dependent fashion, with decreasing effect at higher concentrations. Glucagon secretion was also stimulated by recombinant interleukin-1 beta, irrespective of increasing glucose (5, 11, 20 mmol/l) and insulin concentrations. The potentiating effect of recombinant interleukin-1 beta on insulin secretion was evident even after discontinued perfusion with the cytokine, suggesting a priming effect on B-cell function.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftDiabetologia
Vol/bind33
Nummer1
Sider (fra-til)15-23
Antal sider9
ISSN0012-186X
StatusUdgivet - jan. 1990

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