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Lise Wogensen

Combined effects of moderately elevated blood glucose and locally produced TGF-beta1 on glomerular morphology and renal collagen production.

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  • Forskningslaboratoriet for Biokemisk Patologi
  • Stereologi
  • Klinisk Institut
  • Patologisk Institut, NBG
BACKGROUND: There is a correlation between renal graft rejection and blood glucose (BG) levels. Furthermore, diabetic patients may develop non-diabetic renal diseases, which in some circumstances progress rapidly. Since transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGF-beta) levels are elevated in many renal diseases, the accelerated progression may be due to interactions between glucose and locally produced TGF-beta1. Therefore, we investigated the effect of mild hyperglycaemia on glomerular morphology and collagen production in TGF-beta1 transgenic mice. METHODS: To achieve BG concentrations of approximately 15 mmol/l in TGF-beta1 transgenic and non-transgenic mice, we used multiple streptozotocin (STZ) injections, and after 8 weeks, we measured the changes in glomerular morphology and total collagen content. We also analysed extracellular matrix (ECM) and protease mRNA levels using real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and phosphorylated extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2 (pERK) expression by immunohistochemistry. RESULTS: Mild hyperglycaemia alone had no effect on glomerular structure or ECM deposition. Over-expression of TGF-beta1 increased basement membrane thickness (BMT) and the mesangial volume fraction. Furthermore, it augmented ECM, Matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP), MMP-9, plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI) and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-1 (TIMP) gene expression and pERK1/2 immunostaining. Elevated BG in combination with TGF-beta1 resulted in enlargement of glomerular volume, total mesangial volume and renal collagen content. Moreover, high BG exaggerated TGF-beta1-induced changes in the BMT, MMP-2 and TIMP-1 expression and pERK1/2 staining. CONCLUSION: Even moderate elevations in BG accelerate the progression of those kidney diseases in which TGF-beta1 is involved. This emphasizes the importance of strict BG control in renal transplant patients and diabetic patients with renal malfunctions unrelated to diabetes.
Udgivelsesdato: 2007-Sep
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftNephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
Vol/bind22
Nummer9
Sider (fra-til)2485-96
Antal sider11
ISSN0931-0509
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 2007

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