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A tumour necrosis factor beta gene polymorphism in relation to monokine secretion and insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus

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HLA-class III region genes may be associated with susceptibility to insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM). In this study an NcoI polymorphism of the tumour necrosis factor beta (TNF-beta) gene, which is positioned next to the tumour necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) gene in the HLA class III region, was detected by restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP). This polymorphism has previously been reported to be located in the TNF-alpha gene. Caucasian HLA-DR3,4 heterozygous IDDM patients (n = 26) and DR-matched healthy controls (n = 19), as well as randomly selected IDDM patients (n = 27) and controls (n = 25) were studied. In addition four multiplex families (49 individuals) and eight HLA-non-identical sibpairs concordant for IDDM were analysed. The TNF-beta gene RFLP analysis showed fragments of 5.5 kb and 10.5 kb, which behaved as alleles. In all groups there was a haplotype assignment of the TNF-beta 5.5-kb allele to B8,DR3 haplotypes, and of the TNF-beta 10.5-kb allele to B15,DR4-positive haplotypes. The allelic and genotypic frequencies differed between DR3,4 IDDM patients and DR3,4 controls, and the DR3,4 control group differed significantly from the randomly selected control group (P less than 0.0079). In HLA-DR3,4- and DQw8-positive persons, the DR3 haplotypes carried the 10.5-kb allele three times more frequently in IDDM patients than in controls, suggesting that the 10.5-kb allele when present on DR3 haplotypes may contribute to susceptibility to IDDM in DR3,4 heterozygous individuals. A contributory role of the 10.5-kb allele in genetic IDDM susceptibility was supported by the sibpair analysis, in which all were TNF-beta identical. Five were 10.5 kb homozygous, and the remaining three pairs were 5.5/10.5 kb heterozygous. Twenty-five healthy and eight newly diagnosed IDDM patients were randomly selected to study the Escherichia coli lipopolysaccharides (LPS)-purified protein derivate (tuberculin) (PPD)-, and phytohaemagglutinin (PHA)-stimulated monocyte (Mo) secretions of interleukin 1 beta (IL-1 beta) and TNF-alpha in relation to the NcoI TNF-beta gene polymorphism. The LPS- and PHA-stimulated Mo IL-1 beta and TNF-alpha secretions were significantly lower for the TNF-beta 5.5/10.5 kb heterozygous individuals than for TNF-beta 10.5 kb homozygous individuals. Furthermore, the Mo IL-1 beta and TNF-alpha secretions of IDDM patients were significantly higher than the Mo secretions of TNF-beta genotype-matched healthy controls. This study suggests an association between the 10.5 kb TNF-beta allele and IDDM, and demonstrates an association between monokine responses and TNF-beta genotypes.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS)

TidsskriftScandinavian Journal of Immunology
Sider (fra-til)37-49
Antal sider13
StatusUdgivet - jan. 1991

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