Lene Vase

Music reduces pain and increases functional mobility in fibromyalgia

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  • Eduardo A. Garza-Villarreal
  • Andrew D Wilson, School of Social, Psychological & Communication Sciences, Faculty of Health & Social Sciences, Leeds Metropolitan University, Storbritannien
  • Lene Vase
  • Elvira Brattico
  • Fernando A. Barrios, Institute of Neurobiology, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico campus Juriquilla, Queretaro, Mexico
  • Troels Staehelin Jensen
  • Juan I. Romero-Romo, General Hospital, Secretaria de Salud del Estado de Queretaro, Mexico
  • Peter Vuust
The pain in Fibromyalgia (FM) is difficult to treat and functional mobility seems to be an important comorbidity in these patients that could evolve into a disability. In this study we wanted to investigate the analgesic effects of music in FM pain. Twenty-two FM patients were passively exposed to (1) self-chosen, relaxing, pleasant music, and to (2) a control auditory condition (pink noise). They rated pain and performed the “timed-up & go task (TUG)” to measure functional mobility after each auditory condition. Listening to relaxing, pleasant, self-chosen music reduced pain and increased functional mobility significantly in our FM patients. The music-induced analgesia was significantly correlated with the TUG scores; thereby suggesting that the reduction in pain unpleasantness increased functional mobility. Notably, this mobility improvement was obtained with music played prior to the motor task (not during), therefore the effect cannot be explained merely by motor entrainment to a fast rhythm. Cognitive and emotional mechanisms seem to be central to music-induced analgesia. Our findings encourage the use of music as a treatment adjuvant to reduce chronic pain in FM and increase functional mobility thereby reducing the risk of disability.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
Artikelnummer90
TidsskriftFrontiers in Psychology
Vol/bind5
Nummer90
Sider (fra-til)1
Antal sider10
ISSN1664-1078
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 11 feb. 2014

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