Psykologisk Institut

Lene Vase

Integrating Memory, Meaning, and Emotions during Placebo Analgesia and Nocebo Hyperalgesia

Publikation: Bidrag til bog/antologi/rapport/proceedingBidrag til bog/antologiForskningpeer review

  • Donald D. Price, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida
  • ,
  • Lene Vase

Adding a verbal suggestion to a treatment can add significant increases in linguistic and semantic processing associated with the suggestion, increases that are probably linked to placebo/nocebo effects. Brain regions associated with this processing include those that process the memory and meaning of verbal placebo suggestions. This processing also adds significant decrease in activity of brain areas that process pain. The test stimulus seems to cue the effects and is consistent with somatic focus and sensory feedback reinforcing expectations and other factors that mediate placebo analgesic effects. Nocebo modulation may work similarly. Placebo and nocebo responses are not static or passive but reflect enactive cognitive processes that change dynamically over time and with somatic feedback. These processes can be learned and enhanced, suggesting a potential wealth of opportunity to use placebo factors to enhance efficacy of treatments and medications and to diminish nocebo factors.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TitelThe Neuroscience of Pain, Stress, and Emotion : Psychological and Clinical Implications
RedaktørerMagne Flaten, Mustafa al'Absi
Antal sider20
ForlagAcademic Press
Udgivelsesår4 jan. 2016
Sider159-178
Kapitel8
ISBN (trykt)9780128005385
ISBN (Elektronisk)9780128006665
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 4 jan. 2016

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