Psykologisk Institut

Lars Peter Sønderbo Andersen

Small enterprise owners' accident causation attribution and prevention

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskrift/Konferencebidrag i tidsskrift /Bidrag til avisTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

  • Peter Hasle, Natl Res Ctr Working Environm, Danmark
  • Pete Kines, Natl Res Ctr Working Environm, Danmark
  • Lars Peter Andersen, Herning Reg Hosp, Aarhus University, Dept Occupat Med, Ukendt
  • Lars Peter Sønderbo Andersen

Small enterprises have difficulty ill the systematic prevention of accidents. This study explores how owners of small enterprises attribute accident causation and what they learn about accident prevention after in accident, Interviews were carried out with owners of 22 small (1-19 employees) construction and metal industry enterprises that recently had reported ail accident with ail expected injury absence of over two weeks. Data were analysed using thematic analysis. The results reveal that after a relatively serious accident the owners predominantly attribute the incident to unforeseeable circumstances, and secondarily to worker faults. A possible explanation is both self- and group-defensive attributions in order to avoid responsibility and blame. The reciprocal and close social relations between owners and workers make it difficult for the owners to be solely responsible for the accident. The study presents a paradox: learning from the accidents seems to be negative as the owners need to abstain from accident prevention ill order to maintain that accidents are unforeseeable, and the injured worker returns to work under the same unsafe conditions as before the accident. The study indicates that efforts to improve accident prevention in small enterprises need to find ways to avoid defensive attribution in order to attain successful outcomes. (C) 2007 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

TidsskriftSafety Science
Sider (fra-til)9-19
Antal sider11
StatusUdgivet - jan. 2009

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