Institut for Biomedicin

Lars Bolund

High overall in vitro efficiency of porcine handmade cloning (HMC) combining partial zona digestion and oocyte trisection with sequential culture

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  • Y Du, Danmark
  • P M Kragh, Danmark
  • X Zhang, Danmark
  • S Purup
  • Haiying Yang, Institut for Planlægning, Danmark
  • Lars Bolund
  • G Vajta, Danmark
We investigated the in vitro developmental competence of porcine embryos produced from in vitro matured (IVM) oocytes by improved HMC and parthenogenetic activation (PA). Embryos were cultured in a modified North Carolina State University (NCSU37) medium. Firstly, we compared the developmental competence between oocytes from sows and gilts by zona-intact (ZI) and zona-free (ZF) PA. Significantly higher (p <0.05) blastocyst rates were obtained from sow oocytes (42 +/- 4% for ZF and 55 +/- 6% for ZI) than gilt oocytes (20 +/- 2% for ZF and 26 +/- 5% for ZI). Secondly, sow oocytes were used to establish the modified HMC that was based on a modified enucleation with partial zona digestion and trisection of porcine oocytes and the use of three cytoplasts and one somatic cell for embryo reconstruction. In vitro fertilization (IVF) and in parallel ZF PA were used as the control systems. After oocyte trisection, >90% of oocyte fragments were recovered, resulting in an average of 37 reconstructed embryos from 100 oocytes. Blastocyst rates of HMC, IVF, and ZF PA embryos were 17 +/- 4%, 30 +/- 6%, and 47 +/- 4%, respectively. Our results prove that HMC in pigs may result in high in vitro efficiency up until the blastocyst stage. In vivo developmental competence will be confirmed in embryo transfer experiments.
TidsskriftCellular Reprogramming
Sider (fra-til)199-205
Antal sider7
StatusUdgivet - 2005

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