Institut for Biomedicin

Lars Bolund

An improved method for chromosome-specific labeling of α satellite DNA in situ by using denatured double-stranded DNA probes as primers in a primed in situ labeling (PRINS) procedure

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskrift/Konferencebidrag i tidsskrift /Bidrag til avisTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

  • Jørn Koch
  • ,
  • Johnny Hindkjaer, Kræftens Bekæmpelse
  • ,
  • Jens Mogensen
  • ,
  • Steen Kølvraa
  • ,
  • Lars Bolund

An improved primed in situ labeling (PRINS) procedure that provides fast, highly sensitive, and nonradioactive cytogenetic localization of chromosome-specific tandem repeat sequences is presented. The PRINS technique is based on the sequence-specific annealing in situ of unlabeled DNA. This DNA then serves as primer for chain elongation in situ catalyzed by a DNA polymerase. If biotin-labeled nucleotides are used as substrate for the chain elongation, the hybridization site becomes labeled with biotin. The biotin is subsequently made visible through the binding of FITC-labeled avidin. Tandem repeat sequences may be detected in a few hours with synthetic oligonucleotides as primers, but specific labeling of single chromosomes is not easily obtained. This may be achieved, however, if denatured double-stranded DNA fragments from polymerase-chain-reaction products or cloned probes are used as primers. In the latter case, single chromosome pairs are stained with a speed and ease (1 h reaction and no probe labeling) that are superior to traditional in situ hybridization. Subsequent high-quality Q banding of the chromosomes is also possible. The developments described here extends the range of applications of the PRINS technique, so that it now can operate with any type of probe that is available for traditional in situ hybridization.

TidsskriftGenetic Analysis: Biomolecular Engineering
Sider (fra-til)171-178
Antal sider8
StatusUdgivet - sep. 1991

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