Institut for Biomedicin

Lars Bolund

A rare disease-associated mutation in the medium-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase (MCAD) gene changes a conserved arginine, previously shown to be functionally essential in short-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase (SCAD)

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  • Institut for Human Genetik
  • Klinisk Genetisk Afdeling
  • Molekylær Medicinsk Forsk.enhed
Medium-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase (MCAD) deficiency is a serious and potentially fatal inherited defect in the beta-oxidation of fatty acids. Approximately 80% of patients with MCAD deficiency are homozygous for a single disease-causing mutation (G985). The remaining patients (except for a few cases worldwide) are compound heterozygous with G985 in one allele. By sequencing of cloned PCR-amplified MCAD cDNA from a G985 compound heterozygous patient, we identified a C-to-T transition at position 157 as the only change in the entire coding sequence of the non-G985 allele. The presence of the T157 mutation was verified in genomic DNA from the patient and her mother by a PCR-based assay. The mutation changes conserved arginine at position 28 (R28C) of the mature MCAD protein. The effect of the T157 mutation on MCAD protein was investigated by expression of mutant MCAD cDNA in COS-7 cells. On the basis of knowledge about the three-dimensional structure of the MCAD protein, we suggest that the mutation destroys a salt bridge between arginine28 and glutamate86, thereby affecting the formation of enzymatically active protein. Twenty-two additional families with compound heterozygous patients were tested in the PCR-based assay. The T157 mutation was identified in one of these families, which had an MCAD-deficient child who died unexpectedly in infancy. Our results indicate that the mutation is rare. It is, however, noteworthy that a homologous mutation has previously been identified in the short-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase (SCAD) gene of a patient with SCAD deficiency, suggesting that the conserved arginine is crucial for formation of active enzyme in the straight-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenases.
TidsskriftAmerican Journal of Human Genetics
Sider (fra-til)730-9
Antal sider10
StatusUdgivet - 1 sep. 1993

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