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Lars Bolund

A common W556S mutation in the LDL receptor gene of Danish patients with familial hypercholesterolemia encodes a transport-defective protein

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  • H K Jensen, Center for Medical Molecular Biology, Aarhus University Hospital, Skejby Sygehus, Arhus N, Denmark. hkj@post4.tele.dk
  • ,
  • H Holst
  • ,
  • L G Jensen
  • ,
  • M M Jørgensen
  • ,
  • P H Andreasen
  • ,
  • T G Jensen
  • B S Andresen
  • ,
  • F Heath
  • ,
  • P S Hansen
  • ,
  • S Neve
  • ,
  • K Kristiansen
  • ,
  • O Faergeman
  • S Kølvraa
  • ,
  • L Bolund
  • N Gregersen

In a group of unrelated Danish patients with familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) we recently reported two common low-density lipoprotein (LDL) receptor mutations, W23X and W66G, accounting for 30% of the cases. In this study, we describe another common LDL receptor mutation, a G to C transition at cDNA position 1730 in exon 12, causing a tryptophan to serine substitution in amino acid position 556 (W556S). In the Danish patients, the W556S mutation was present in 12% of 65 possible mutant alleles. The pathogenicity of the W556S mutation, which is located in one of the five conserved motifs Tyr-Trp-Thr-Asp in the epidermal growth factor homology region, was studied in transfected COS-7 cells expressing normal and mutant LDL receptor cDNAs. Results obtained by immunofluorescence flow cytometry and confocal microscopy, as well as by immunoprecipitation, were compatible with complete retention of the mutant protein in the endoplasmic reticulum. The transport-defective W556S mutation and the W23X and W66G mutations seem to account for about 40% of the LDL receptor defects in Danish families with FH.

Sider (fra-til)67-72
Antal sider6
StatusUdgivet - maj 1997

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