Krista Straarup

Low self-compassion in patients with bipolar disorder

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  • Marianne Døssing, Center for Developmental and Applied Psychological Science (CeDAPS), the Department of Communication and Psychology, Aalborg University, Danmark
  • Kristine Kahr Nilsson, Center for Developmental and Applied Psychological Science (CeDAPS), the Department of Communication and Psychology, Aalborg University,
  • Stinna Rzepa Svejstrup, Center for Developmental and Applied Psychological Science (CeDAPS), the Department of Communication and Psychology, Aalborg University, Danmark
  • Vegard Venås Sørensen, Center for Developmental and Applied Psychological Science (CeDAPS), the Department of Communication and Psychology, Aalborg University, Danmark
  • Krista Nielsen Straarup
  • Tia B Hansen, Center for Developmental and Applied Psychological Science (CeDAPS), the Department of Communication and Psychology, Aalborg University, Danmark

BACKGROUND: Emerging research suggests that low self-compassion may be linked to psychopathology and in particular depressive symptoms. To further elucidate this topic, the present study investigated self-compassion in patients with Bipolar Disorder (BD).

METHOD: Thirty remitted BD patients were compared to thirty age- and sex matched controls on the Self-Compassion Scale (SCS). The BD patients also completed the Altman Self-Rating Mania Scale (ASRM), the Major Depression Inventory (MDI), the Work and Social Adjustment Scale (WSAS), the Satisfaction With Life Scale (SWLS) and the Internalized Stigma of Mental Illness Scale (ISMI-10) and further reported their illness history on a survey sheet.

RESULTS: The BD patients were found to have significantly lower self-compassion than controls. In addition, self-compassion correlated positively and significantly with life-satisfaction but no significant correlations with functional impairment, internalized stigma or frequency of past affective episodes were found.

LIMITATIONS: The small sample size entailed reduced statistical power.

CONCLUSIONS: By suggesting that self-compassion is reduced and possibly linked to life-satisfaction in BD, the findings highlight a potential vulnerability meriting further investigations.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftComprehensive Psychiatry
Vol/bind60
Sider (fra-til)53-8
Antal sider6
ISSN0010-440X
DOI
StatusUdgivet - jul. 2015

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