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Knud Erik Bach Knudsen

Standardized ileal digestibility of amino acids in eight genotypes of soft winter wheat fed to growing pigs

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A study with growing pigs was conducted to determine the chemical composition and standardized ileal digestibility (SID) of CP and AA of 8 wheat genotypes that have recently been added to the German Descriptive Variety List. These genotypes included Tabasco, KWS Erasmus, Tobak, Skalmeje, Mulan, Event, Tommi, and Adler. The 8 genotypes were grown under identical environmental conditions on the same site, and they were harvested and processed under the same conditions. Nine barrows with an initial BW of 32 ± 2 kg were surgically fitted with simple ileal T-cannulas and allotted to a row–column design with 9 pigs and 8 periods of 6 d each. Wheat was the sole dietary source of CP and AA. Among the 8 wheat genotypes, contents of CP ranged from 10.9 to 13.3% (as-fed basis), whereas contents of total nonstarch polysaccharides ranged from 8.0 to 9.4% (as-fed basis). The SID of CP in the 8 genotypes ranged from 83 to 87%, with greatest (P = 0.01) values for Event and lowest (P = 0.01) for all other wheat genotypes. Intermediate SID of CP values were obtained for Adler and KWS Erasmus. For Lys, greater (P < 0.05) SID was observed in Adler (73%) and KWS Erasmus (74%) in comparison to Tommi, Tobak, and Mulan (69%). Adler had greater SID of Met (88%; P = 0.01) when compared to Tabasco (86%); Tobak, Skalmeje, and Mulan (85%); and Tommi (84%). Among the 8 wheat genotypes, standardized ileal digestible content (cSID) of CP followed total CP content and ranged from 9.1 to 11.3% (as-fed basis). Standardized ileal digestible content of both CP and AA were greater (P < 0.001) in Adler compared to all other genotypes. For most AA, Tabasco had the lowest (P < 0.001; except for His, Trp, Asp, and Cys) cSID values of all wheat genotypes. The cSID of CP decreased (P < 0.001) as the starch content in the 8 wheat genotypes increased, but cSID of CP increased (P < 0.001) as the CP content in the 8 genotypes increased. Because SID and cSID of CP and most AA increased (P < 0.05) with lower test weight and falling number, these variables may aid to predict SID and cSID in wheat batches, whereas other nutrients such as fiber fractions are not suitable due to low variation among the 8 genotypes. The present study provides a comprehensive database on nutritional composition and SID of CP and AA of 8 wheat genotypes grown under identical conditions. Because the SID values in these genotypes are lower when compared to literature data, digestibility values in actual feed tables for wheat may overestimate their protein values and need to be updated.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftJournal of Animal Science
Vol/bind93
Nummer3
Sider (fra-til)1133-1144
Antal sider12
ISSN0021-8812
DOI
StatusUdgivet - mar. 2015

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