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Knud Erik Bach Knudsen

Impact of fermentation and addition of non-starch polysaccharide-degrading enzymes on microbial population and on digestibility of dried distillers grains with solubles in pigs

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Fluctuating prices on feedstock has led to a growing interest in alternative feed ingredients. Co-products from the biofuel industry are hence interesting to include in pig feeds, primarily due to the high protein content. Low nutritional value due to a high content of dietary fibre, however, limits the use of these ingredients. The current study aimed to increase the digestibility of dried distillers grains with solubles (DDGS), based on 80% wheat and 20% barley, by fermentation and enzyme addition. Four experimental diets were prepared based on 60% DDGS (fermented or not, without or with the addition of carbohydrases) and 40% of a basal diet composed mainly of maize starch: (1) a nonfermented liquid feed treatment (n-FLF); (2) a fermented liquid feed treatment (FLF); (3) the FLF supplemented with a mixture of xylanase and β-glucanase (XylGlu); and (4) the FLF supplemented with a mixture of cellulase and xylanase (CelXyl). Microbial population during fermentation of the treatments was determined and apparent ileal and total tract digestibility were measured on eight barrows surgically fitted with a simple T-shaped cannula at the distal ileum and fed the four treatments according to a double-Latin square design. Microbial activity of the three fermented DDGS treatments was relatively low with lactic acid bacteria counts between 8.8 and 8.9 log cfu/g and lactic acid concentrations between 60.2 and 70.5 mmol/kg. The addition of CelXyl to DDGS resulted in a significant decrease in the amount of non-starch polysaccharides (NSP) compared to the fermented DDGS (from 341.8 g/kg DM to 312.9 g/kg DM, P<0.001). Furthermore, addition of CelXyl to DDGS showed a reduction in the level of putrescine (46.5 mg/kg DM in the DDGS versus 3.7 mg/kg DM in the DDGS added CelXyl). Fermenting DDGS prior to feeding led to significantly increased apparent ileal digestibility (AID) of NSP (P=0.02), and apparent total tract digestibility (ATTD) of DM (P=0.01), CP (P=0.003), and P (P=0.04), along with tendency to increased ATTD of NSP (P=0.1). Addition of XylGlu and CelXyl resulted in further increases of both AID and ATTD of NSP compared to n-FLF (P≤0.03); with the greatest effect on the CelXyl treatment. In conclusion, the digestibility of DDGS in pigs was increased by fermentation. Addition of carbohydrases during fermentation can be a way of further increasing the NSP digestibility of DDGS.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftLivestock Science
Vol/bind178
Sider (fra-til)216-227
Antal sider12
ISSN1871-1413
DOI
StatusUdgivet - aug. 2015

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