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Klaus Mølmer

Microwave to optical conversion with atoms on a superconducting chip

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  • David Petrosyan
  • Klaus Molmer
  • Jozsef Fortagh, Univ Tubingen, Eberhard Karls University of Tubingen, Inst Appl Phys
  • ,
  • Mark Saffman, Univ Wisconsin, University of Wisconsin Madison, University of Wisconsin System, Dept Phys

We describe a scheme to coherently convert a microwave photon of a superconducting co-planar waveguide resonator to an optical photon emitted into a well-defined temporal and spatial mode. The conversion is realized by a cold atomic ensemble trapped close the surface of the superconducting atom chip, near the antinode of the microwave cavity. The microwave photon couples to a strong Rydberg transition of the atoms that are also driven by a pair of laser fields with appropriate frequencies and wavevectors for an efficient wave-mixing process. With only several thousand atoms in an ensemble of moderate density, the microwave photon can be completely converted into an optical photon emitted with high probability into the phase matched direction and, e.g. fed into a fiber waveguide. This scheme operates in a free-space configuration, without requiring strong coupling of the atoms to a resonant optical cavity.

TidsskriftNew Journal of Physics
Antal sider8
StatusUdgivet - jul. 2019

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