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Klaus Mølmer

Hypothesis testing with a continuously monitored quantum system

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In a Bayesian analysis, the likelihood that specific candidate parameters govern the evolution of a quantum system are conditioned on the outcome of measurements which, in turn, cause measurement backaction on the state of the system [Tsang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 108. 170502 (2012)]. Specializing to the distinction of two candidate hypotheses, we study the achievements of continuous monitoring of the radiation emitted by a quantum system followed by an optimal projective measurement on its conditioned final state. Our study of the radiative decay of a driven two-level system shows an intricate interplay between the maximum information available from photon counting and homodyne detection and the final projective measurement on the emitter. We compare the results with theory predicting a lower bound for the probability to assign a wrong hypothesis by any combined measurement on the system and its radiative environment.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
Artikelnummer022103
TidsskriftPhysical Review A
Vol/bind98
Nummer2
Antal sider8
ISSN2469-9926
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 2 aug. 2018

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