Institut for Virksomhedsledelse

John Thøgersen

The mediated influences of perceived norms on pro-environmental behavior

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Research on the influence of social norms on pro-environmental behavior often reaches very different conclusions depending on whether the research is experimental or survey based. I propose that the main reason is that survey-based research applying popular social cognitive theories often underestimates the influence of social norms due to various errors of omission. In this article, I particularly focus on a too narrow conception of the process through which perceived social norms influence decisionmaking (i.e., intention formation) and behavior. Research suggesting a number of different paths through which perceived social norms influence behavior is reviewed, followed by a reanalysis of previously published data sets from research on proenvironmental and other types of behavior to test hypotheses derived from this literature. The results confirm that survey studies that include perceived social norms as one among several antecedents of pro-environmental intentions and behavior usually dramatically underestimate the influence of norms. It is concluded that studies on the relative impact of social and other antecedents of behavior should avoid oversimplifications and build their models on a theoretically sophisticated understanding of how norms influence behavior.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftRevue d'Economie Politique
Vol/bind124
Nummer2
Sider (fra-til)179-193
Antal sider15
ISSN0373-2630
StatusUdgivet - 2014

Bibliografisk note

Ikke udgivet 16.2.2014/bs

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