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Jens Jacob Iversen

Saltation threshold for pyroclasts at various bedslopes: Wind tunnel measurements

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Standard

Saltation threshold for pyroclasts at various bedslopes : Wind tunnel measurements. / Douillet, Guilhem Amin; Rasmussen, Keld R.; Kueppers, Ulrich; Lo Castro, Deborah; Merrison, Jonathan P.; Iversen, Jacob J.; Dingwell, Donald B.

I: Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, Bind 278-279, 15.05.2014, s. 14-24.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskrift/Konferencebidrag i tidsskrift /Bidrag til avisTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

Harvard

Douillet, GA, Rasmussen, KR, Kueppers, U, Lo Castro, D, Merrison, JP, Iversen, JJ & Dingwell, DB 2014, 'Saltation threshold for pyroclasts at various bedslopes: Wind tunnel measurements', Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, bind 278-279, s. 14-24. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2014.03.011

APA

Douillet, G. A., Rasmussen, K. R., Kueppers, U., Lo Castro, D., Merrison, J. P., Iversen, J. J., & Dingwell, D. B. (2014). Saltation threshold for pyroclasts at various bedslopes: Wind tunnel measurements. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 278-279, 14-24. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2014.03.011

CBE

Douillet GA, Rasmussen KR, Kueppers U, Lo Castro D, Merrison JP, Iversen JJ, Dingwell DB. 2014. Saltation threshold for pyroclasts at various bedslopes: Wind tunnel measurements. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research. 278-279:14-24. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2014.03.011

MLA

Douillet, Guilhem Amin o.a.. "Saltation threshold for pyroclasts at various bedslopes: Wind tunnel measurements". Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research. 2014, 278-279. 14-24. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2014.03.011

Vancouver

Douillet GA, Rasmussen KR, Kueppers U, Lo Castro D, Merrison JP, Iversen JJ o.a. Saltation threshold for pyroclasts at various bedslopes: Wind tunnel measurements. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research. 2014 maj 15;278-279:14-24. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2014.03.011

Author

Douillet, Guilhem Amin ; Rasmussen, Keld R. ; Kueppers, Ulrich ; Lo Castro, Deborah ; Merrison, Jonathan P. ; Iversen, Jacob J. ; Dingwell, Donald B. / Saltation threshold for pyroclasts at various bedslopes : Wind tunnel measurements. I: Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research. 2014 ; Bind 278-279. s. 14-24.

Bibtex

@article{51498c3d6f6746ee9f0fb5f2a5090c28,
title = "Saltation threshold for pyroclasts at various bedslopes: Wind tunnel measurements",
abstract = "Pyroclastic density currents represent one of the most destructive hazards associated with explosive volcanism. This destructive nature does not only urge the need for but also prevents the obtainment of in situ measurements of their physical characteristics. The resulting deposits offer, however, evidence of the physics of their sedimentation phase. Deposits of dilute pyrodastic density currents frequently exhibit repeated cycles of deposition and erosion, yielding insights into the turbulent shearing along the ground. The utilization of such field observations can be greatly enhanced by the calibration of physical properties of such flows under well-constrained laboratory conditions. Here, wind tunnel measurements were performed using pyroclastic particles. The saltation threshold and surface roughness length were calculated for wind above a pyroclastic bed. The results serve as an aid in linking field observations to quantitative values of turbulent shear at the base of a flow. Scoria and pumice particles were investigated as a function of grain size (1 phi fractions between 0.125 and 4 mm), as well as the influence of bedslope (-20 degrees to + 25 degrees in 10 degrees steps). The results point to the dominant control of density, grain size and, contrary to previous assumptions, differ moderately from results obtained for round beads Properly utilized, the dataset enables the establishment of a link between the grain size of natural deposits and the shearing extant during their emplacement. Depending on the type of sedimentary structure observed in the field, the saltation threshold can be used as a minimal or a maximal shearing limit during emplacement of dilute pyroclastic density current deposits. Stoss-aggrading laminations likely involve the saltation threshold as an upper limit, whereas for truncation events it must have been overcome. The effect of particle concentration within the flow, a critical parameter for pyroclastic density currents and the extent of validity of the data, are discussed. (C) 2014 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V.",
keywords = "Pyroclasts, Wind tunnel, Saltation threshold, Surface roughness, BASE-SURGE DEPOSITS, LAYER SHEAR FLOWS, MOUNT-ST-HELENS, DENSITY CURRENTS, CAMPI-FLEGREI, TUNGURAHUA VOLCANO, AEOLIAN SALTATION, SAND TRANSPORT, ERUPTION, BED",
author = "Douillet, {Guilhem Amin} and Rasmussen, {Keld R.} and Ulrich Kueppers and {Lo Castro}, Deborah and Merrison, {Jonathan P.} and Iversen, {Jacob J.} and Dingwell, {Donald B.}",
year = "2014",
month = may,
day = "15",
doi = "10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2014.03.011",
language = "English",
volume = "278-279",
pages = "14--24",
journal = "Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research",
issn = "0377-0273",
publisher = "Elsevier BV",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Saltation threshold for pyroclasts at various bedslopes

T2 - Wind tunnel measurements

AU - Douillet, Guilhem Amin

AU - Rasmussen, Keld R.

AU - Kueppers, Ulrich

AU - Lo Castro, Deborah

AU - Merrison, Jonathan P.

AU - Iversen, Jacob J.

AU - Dingwell, Donald B.

PY - 2014/5/15

Y1 - 2014/5/15

N2 - Pyroclastic density currents represent one of the most destructive hazards associated with explosive volcanism. This destructive nature does not only urge the need for but also prevents the obtainment of in situ measurements of their physical characteristics. The resulting deposits offer, however, evidence of the physics of their sedimentation phase. Deposits of dilute pyrodastic density currents frequently exhibit repeated cycles of deposition and erosion, yielding insights into the turbulent shearing along the ground. The utilization of such field observations can be greatly enhanced by the calibration of physical properties of such flows under well-constrained laboratory conditions. Here, wind tunnel measurements were performed using pyroclastic particles. The saltation threshold and surface roughness length were calculated for wind above a pyroclastic bed. The results serve as an aid in linking field observations to quantitative values of turbulent shear at the base of a flow. Scoria and pumice particles were investigated as a function of grain size (1 phi fractions between 0.125 and 4 mm), as well as the influence of bedslope (-20 degrees to + 25 degrees in 10 degrees steps). The results point to the dominant control of density, grain size and, contrary to previous assumptions, differ moderately from results obtained for round beads Properly utilized, the dataset enables the establishment of a link between the grain size of natural deposits and the shearing extant during their emplacement. Depending on the type of sedimentary structure observed in the field, the saltation threshold can be used as a minimal or a maximal shearing limit during emplacement of dilute pyroclastic density current deposits. Stoss-aggrading laminations likely involve the saltation threshold as an upper limit, whereas for truncation events it must have been overcome. The effect of particle concentration within the flow, a critical parameter for pyroclastic density currents and the extent of validity of the data, are discussed. (C) 2014 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V.

AB - Pyroclastic density currents represent one of the most destructive hazards associated with explosive volcanism. This destructive nature does not only urge the need for but also prevents the obtainment of in situ measurements of their physical characteristics. The resulting deposits offer, however, evidence of the physics of their sedimentation phase. Deposits of dilute pyrodastic density currents frequently exhibit repeated cycles of deposition and erosion, yielding insights into the turbulent shearing along the ground. The utilization of such field observations can be greatly enhanced by the calibration of physical properties of such flows under well-constrained laboratory conditions. Here, wind tunnel measurements were performed using pyroclastic particles. The saltation threshold and surface roughness length were calculated for wind above a pyroclastic bed. The results serve as an aid in linking field observations to quantitative values of turbulent shear at the base of a flow. Scoria and pumice particles were investigated as a function of grain size (1 phi fractions between 0.125 and 4 mm), as well as the influence of bedslope (-20 degrees to + 25 degrees in 10 degrees steps). The results point to the dominant control of density, grain size and, contrary to previous assumptions, differ moderately from results obtained for round beads Properly utilized, the dataset enables the establishment of a link between the grain size of natural deposits and the shearing extant during their emplacement. Depending on the type of sedimentary structure observed in the field, the saltation threshold can be used as a minimal or a maximal shearing limit during emplacement of dilute pyroclastic density current deposits. Stoss-aggrading laminations likely involve the saltation threshold as an upper limit, whereas for truncation events it must have been overcome. The effect of particle concentration within the flow, a critical parameter for pyroclastic density currents and the extent of validity of the data, are discussed. (C) 2014 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V.

KW - Pyroclasts

KW - Wind tunnel

KW - Saltation threshold

KW - Surface roughness

KW - BASE-SURGE DEPOSITS

KW - LAYER SHEAR FLOWS

KW - MOUNT-ST-HELENS

KW - DENSITY CURRENTS

KW - CAMPI-FLEGREI

KW - TUNGURAHUA VOLCANO

KW - AEOLIAN SALTATION

KW - SAND TRANSPORT

KW - ERUPTION

KW - BED

U2 - 10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2014.03.011

DO - 10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2014.03.011

M3 - Journal article

VL - 278-279

SP - 14

EP - 24

JO - Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research

JF - Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research

SN - 0377-0273

ER -