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Jens Jacob Iversen

Filtration of simulated Martian atmosphere for in-situ oxygen production

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Filtration of simulated Martian atmosphere for in-situ oxygen production. / McClean, J. B.; Merrison, J. P.; Iversen, J. J.; Azimian, M.; Wiegmann, A.; Pike, W. T.; Hecht, M. H.; & the MOXIE science team.

I: Planetary and Space Science, Bind 191, 104975, 10.2020.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskrift/Konferencebidrag i tidsskrift /Bidrag til avisTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

Harvard

McClean, JB, Merrison, JP, Iversen, JJ, Azimian, M, Wiegmann, A, Pike, WT, Hecht, MH & & the MOXIE science team 2020, 'Filtration of simulated Martian atmosphere for in-situ oxygen production', Planetary and Space Science, bind 191, 104975. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pss.2020.104975

APA

McClean, J. B., Merrison, J. P., Iversen, J. J., Azimian, M., Wiegmann, A., Pike, W. T., Hecht, M. H., & & the MOXIE science team (2020). Filtration of simulated Martian atmosphere for in-situ oxygen production. Planetary and Space Science, 191, [104975]. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pss.2020.104975

CBE

McClean JB, Merrison JP, Iversen JJ, Azimian M, Wiegmann A, Pike WT, Hecht MH, & the MOXIE science team. 2020. Filtration of simulated Martian atmosphere for in-situ oxygen production. Planetary and Space Science. 191:Article 104975. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pss.2020.104975

MLA

Vancouver

McClean JB, Merrison JP, Iversen JJ, Azimian M, Wiegmann A, Pike WT o.a. Filtration of simulated Martian atmosphere for in-situ oxygen production. Planetary and Space Science. 2020 okt;191. 104975. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pss.2020.104975

Author

McClean, J. B. ; Merrison, J. P. ; Iversen, J. J. ; Azimian, M. ; Wiegmann, A. ; Pike, W. T. ; Hecht, M. H. ; & the MOXIE science team. / Filtration of simulated Martian atmosphere for in-situ oxygen production. I: Planetary and Space Science. 2020 ; Bind 191.

Bibtex

@article{8f4f03aacc2a4b8290fd0c6c3f931370,
title = "Filtration of simulated Martian atmosphere for in-situ oxygen production",
abstract = "In-Situ Resource Utilisation (ISRU) can reduce the mass and cost of planetary missions. The Mars Oxygen ISRU Experiment (MOXIE) on the Mars 2020 rover Perseverance will demonstrate ISRU on Mars for the first time by producing oxygen from atmospheric carbon dioxide via solid oxide electrolysis. To protect the solid oxide electrolysis subsystem from contamination by dust, a High Efficiency Particulate Air (HEPA) filter is used. However, the performance of HEPA filters in Martian atmospheric conditions is not well understood. The theory of filtration was reviewed in the context of filtration of Mars{\textquoteright} atmosphere, and an experimental investigation was carried out to determine the dust loading rate and pressure drop as a function of dust loading and filtration velocity for a flight-representative pleated and baffled MOXIE HEPA filter using wind tunnels and Martian dust simulant. In simulated atmospheric conditions of 10.3 ​mbar carbon dioxide at room temperature with a horizontal wind speed of 3 ​m ​s−1 and filter inlet face velocity of 7.1 ​cm ​s−1, the dust loading rate was (0.19 ± 0.02) mg ​m−2 h−1. This is likely a lower bound: analytical approaches estimate dust loading rates of up to approximately 20 ​mg ​m−2 h−1. The pressure drop ΔP (mbar) as a function of dust loading m (g ​m−2) and filtration velocity UF (cm ​s−1) was ΔP=am+bUF, where a = 0.0012(1)mbar (g m-2)-1 (cm s-1)-1 and b = 0.063(1) mbar (cm s-1)-1. Due to operation outside the continuum flow regime, pressure drop increased with atmospheric pressure, unlike HEPA filters on Earth where pressure drop is independent of atmospheric pressure. Dust is unlikely to produce a problematic pressure drop for MOXIE, but needs to be considered for large-scale filtration if the benefits of atmospheric ISRU on Mars are to be fully realised.",
keywords = "Dust, Filtration, In-situ resource utilisation, Mars",
author = "McClean, {J. B.} and Merrison, {J. P.} and Iversen, {J. J.} and M. Azimian and A. Wiegmann and Pike, {W. T.} and Hecht, {M. H.} and {& the MOXIE science team}",
year = "2020",
month = oct,
doi = "10.1016/j.pss.2020.104975",
language = "English",
volume = "191",
journal = "Planetary and Space Science",
issn = "0032-0633",
publisher = "Pergamon Press",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Filtration of simulated Martian atmosphere for in-situ oxygen production

AU - McClean, J. B.

AU - Merrison, J. P.

AU - Iversen, J. J.

AU - Azimian, M.

AU - Wiegmann, A.

AU - Pike, W. T.

AU - Hecht, M. H.

AU - & the MOXIE science team

PY - 2020/10

Y1 - 2020/10

N2 - In-Situ Resource Utilisation (ISRU) can reduce the mass and cost of planetary missions. The Mars Oxygen ISRU Experiment (MOXIE) on the Mars 2020 rover Perseverance will demonstrate ISRU on Mars for the first time by producing oxygen from atmospheric carbon dioxide via solid oxide electrolysis. To protect the solid oxide electrolysis subsystem from contamination by dust, a High Efficiency Particulate Air (HEPA) filter is used. However, the performance of HEPA filters in Martian atmospheric conditions is not well understood. The theory of filtration was reviewed in the context of filtration of Mars’ atmosphere, and an experimental investigation was carried out to determine the dust loading rate and pressure drop as a function of dust loading and filtration velocity for a flight-representative pleated and baffled MOXIE HEPA filter using wind tunnels and Martian dust simulant. In simulated atmospheric conditions of 10.3 ​mbar carbon dioxide at room temperature with a horizontal wind speed of 3 ​m ​s−1 and filter inlet face velocity of 7.1 ​cm ​s−1, the dust loading rate was (0.19 ± 0.02) mg ​m−2 h−1. This is likely a lower bound: analytical approaches estimate dust loading rates of up to approximately 20 ​mg ​m−2 h−1. The pressure drop ΔP (mbar) as a function of dust loading m (g ​m−2) and filtration velocity UF (cm ​s−1) was ΔP=am+bUF, where a = 0.0012(1)mbar (g m-2)-1 (cm s-1)-1 and b = 0.063(1) mbar (cm s-1)-1. Due to operation outside the continuum flow regime, pressure drop increased with atmospheric pressure, unlike HEPA filters on Earth where pressure drop is independent of atmospheric pressure. Dust is unlikely to produce a problematic pressure drop for MOXIE, but needs to be considered for large-scale filtration if the benefits of atmospheric ISRU on Mars are to be fully realised.

AB - In-Situ Resource Utilisation (ISRU) can reduce the mass and cost of planetary missions. The Mars Oxygen ISRU Experiment (MOXIE) on the Mars 2020 rover Perseverance will demonstrate ISRU on Mars for the first time by producing oxygen from atmospheric carbon dioxide via solid oxide electrolysis. To protect the solid oxide electrolysis subsystem from contamination by dust, a High Efficiency Particulate Air (HEPA) filter is used. However, the performance of HEPA filters in Martian atmospheric conditions is not well understood. The theory of filtration was reviewed in the context of filtration of Mars’ atmosphere, and an experimental investigation was carried out to determine the dust loading rate and pressure drop as a function of dust loading and filtration velocity for a flight-representative pleated and baffled MOXIE HEPA filter using wind tunnels and Martian dust simulant. In simulated atmospheric conditions of 10.3 ​mbar carbon dioxide at room temperature with a horizontal wind speed of 3 ​m ​s−1 and filter inlet face velocity of 7.1 ​cm ​s−1, the dust loading rate was (0.19 ± 0.02) mg ​m−2 h−1. This is likely a lower bound: analytical approaches estimate dust loading rates of up to approximately 20 ​mg ​m−2 h−1. The pressure drop ΔP (mbar) as a function of dust loading m (g ​m−2) and filtration velocity UF (cm ​s−1) was ΔP=am+bUF, where a = 0.0012(1)mbar (g m-2)-1 (cm s-1)-1 and b = 0.063(1) mbar (cm s-1)-1. Due to operation outside the continuum flow regime, pressure drop increased with atmospheric pressure, unlike HEPA filters on Earth where pressure drop is independent of atmospheric pressure. Dust is unlikely to produce a problematic pressure drop for MOXIE, but needs to be considered for large-scale filtration if the benefits of atmospheric ISRU on Mars are to be fully realised.

KW - Dust

KW - Filtration

KW - In-situ resource utilisation

KW - Mars

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85087773652&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.pss.2020.104975

DO - 10.1016/j.pss.2020.104975

M3 - Journal article

AN - SCOPUS:85087773652

VL - 191

JO - Planetary and Space Science

JF - Planetary and Space Science

SN - 0032-0633

M1 - 104975

ER -