Institut for Biologi

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J.-C. Svenning

Wild plant species in Egyptian gardens of the Nile Region: Conservation viewpoint

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskrift/Konferencebidrag i tidsskrift /Bidrag til avisTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

  • Dalia A. Ahmed, Tanta University
  • ,
  • Esraa Ammar, Tanta University
  • ,
  • Jens Christian Svenning
  • Mohamed Elbeheiry, Tanta University
  • ,
  • Kamal Shaltout, Tanta University

THE PRESENT study aims to evaluate the role of Egyptian gardens in the Nile Region for wild plant conservation, focusing on threatened species. For this evaluation, an outline of their life forms, geographical distributions, economic uses, environmental benefits, conservation categories, and local threats in their natural habitats is given. One hundred and ninety-four trips were conducted to cover 183 gardens in the study area (summer 2012 to winter 2018). Ninetysix species were recorded, they belonged to 76 genera and 43 families. Fabaceae was the most recorded family and Acacia was the most represented genus. Phanerophytes was the most represented life form (39.6%). Nile region was the most represented (75 species, 78.1%) (out of them 20 species were restricted to it). Beside, 21 species were conserved in gardens from other phytogeographical regions as Sinai, Mediterranean, Gebal Elba and Deserts. Medicinal plants (58 species) were the most represented economic uses, while nitrogen fixers (37.9%) were the most represented environmental benefits. Eighty-seven species suffer from at least one threat at their natural habitats, over-collecting species (70.1%) were the most represented threats. The recorded species classified into 73 native and 23 aliens. Seven species were IUCN threatened species (5 least concerned, 1 endangered and 1 vulnerable). Our results show an unlimited role of botanic and public gardens in the Egyptian Nile Region; for plant diversity conservation, as they not only help conserve the threatened species in the study area but also help conserve wild plant species from other geographical regions.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
Artikelnummer30
TidsskriftEgyptian Journal of Botany
Vol/bind60
Nummer3
Sider (fra-til)719-732
Antal sider14
ISSN0375-9237
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 2020

Bibliografisk note

Funding Information:
Egyptian Cultural Affairs and Missions sector in the Ministry of High Education and Scientific Research for grants. Many thanks extend to the editor of the Egyptian Journal of Botany Prof. Dr. Salama Ouf for his patiency and many thanks to anonymous reviewers for improving this work to be in this good form.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 National Information and Documentation Center (NIDOC).

Copyright:
Copyright 2021 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.

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