Institut for Biologi

Aarhus University Seal / Aarhus Universitets segl

J.-C. Svenning

Widespread underfilling of the potential ranges of North American trees

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Standard

Widespread underfilling of the potential ranges of North American trees. / Seliger, Benjamin J.; McGill, Brian J.; Svenning, Jens Christian; Gill, Jacquelyn L.

I: Journal of Biogeography, Bind 48, Nr. 2, 02.2021, s. 359-371.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskrift/Konferencebidrag i tidsskrift /Bidrag til avisTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

Harvard

Seliger, BJ, McGill, BJ, Svenning, JC & Gill, JL 2021, 'Widespread underfilling of the potential ranges of North American trees', Journal of Biogeography, bind 48, nr. 2, s. 359-371. https://doi.org/10.1111/jbi.14001

APA

Seliger, B. J., McGill, B. J., Svenning, J. C., & Gill, J. L. (2021). Widespread underfilling of the potential ranges of North American trees. Journal of Biogeography, 48(2), 359-371. https://doi.org/10.1111/jbi.14001

CBE

Seliger BJ, McGill BJ, Svenning JC, Gill JL. 2021. Widespread underfilling of the potential ranges of North American trees. Journal of Biogeography. 48(2):359-371. https://doi.org/10.1111/jbi.14001

MLA

Seliger, Benjamin J. o.a.. "Widespread underfilling of the potential ranges of North American trees". Journal of Biogeography. 2021, 48(2). 359-371. https://doi.org/10.1111/jbi.14001

Vancouver

Seliger BJ, McGill BJ, Svenning JC, Gill JL. Widespread underfilling of the potential ranges of North American trees. Journal of Biogeography. 2021 feb;48(2):359-371. https://doi.org/10.1111/jbi.14001

Author

Seliger, Benjamin J. ; McGill, Brian J. ; Svenning, Jens Christian ; Gill, Jacquelyn L. / Widespread underfilling of the potential ranges of North American trees. I: Journal of Biogeography. 2021 ; Bind 48, Nr. 2. s. 359-371.

Bibtex

@article{773746f43b33490785ffb71902130ccf,
title = "Widespread underfilling of the potential ranges of North American trees",
abstract = "Aim: Climatic equilibrium is a foundational principle in ecological theory and models used in conservation, but has been challenged by growing evidence of disequilibrium, particularly for long-lived, sessile organisms like trees. Here, we calculated range filling for North American trees to detect the degree to which trees are filling their potential climatic niches, and to assess climatic and non-climatic drivers of underfilling. Location: North America (22°N–72°N). Taxon: Trees and shrubs. Methods: We modelled the potential ranges of 447 North American tree and shrub species with species distribution models using bioclimatic variables, and calculated the occupied proportion of each potential range. Results were compared to a null model using simulated ranges generated by a spreading-dye algorithm. We further used range shape ratios (latitude/longitude) to detect the drivers of disequilibrium. Results: The potential ranges of North American trees and shrubs are broadly underfilled (mean = 48%). Furthermore, range filling is positively correlated with geographic range size. Large-ranged species have higher range filling than the null model, and shape ratios indicative of climatic restrictions. Small-ranged species showed a stronger influence of dispersal limitation. Main conclusions: Climate explains only about half of tree species' ranges, and the signal of climatic equilibrium increases with range size. Small-range species show high levels of climatic disequilibrium, which is likely be driven by combinations of dispersal lags, and undetected environmental factors or biotic interactions. These results highlight the importance of conserving small-ranged species and the difficulty of forecasting how their distributions will shift in the coming centuries.",
keywords = "biogeography, climate disequilibrium, dispersal limitation, niche modelling, post-glacial recolonization, potential distribution, range controls, range filling, range size, species distribution modelling",
author = "Seliger, {Benjamin J.} and McGill, {Brian J.} and Svenning, {Jens Christian} and Gill, {Jacquelyn L.}",
year = "2021",
month = feb,
doi = "10.1111/jbi.14001",
language = "English",
volume = "48",
pages = "359--371",
journal = "Journal of Biogeography",
issn = "0305-0270",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Ltd.",
number = "2",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Widespread underfilling of the potential ranges of North American trees

AU - Seliger, Benjamin J.

AU - McGill, Brian J.

AU - Svenning, Jens Christian

AU - Gill, Jacquelyn L.

PY - 2021/2

Y1 - 2021/2

N2 - Aim: Climatic equilibrium is a foundational principle in ecological theory and models used in conservation, but has been challenged by growing evidence of disequilibrium, particularly for long-lived, sessile organisms like trees. Here, we calculated range filling for North American trees to detect the degree to which trees are filling their potential climatic niches, and to assess climatic and non-climatic drivers of underfilling. Location: North America (22°N–72°N). Taxon: Trees and shrubs. Methods: We modelled the potential ranges of 447 North American tree and shrub species with species distribution models using bioclimatic variables, and calculated the occupied proportion of each potential range. Results were compared to a null model using simulated ranges generated by a spreading-dye algorithm. We further used range shape ratios (latitude/longitude) to detect the drivers of disequilibrium. Results: The potential ranges of North American trees and shrubs are broadly underfilled (mean = 48%). Furthermore, range filling is positively correlated with geographic range size. Large-ranged species have higher range filling than the null model, and shape ratios indicative of climatic restrictions. Small-ranged species showed a stronger influence of dispersal limitation. Main conclusions: Climate explains only about half of tree species' ranges, and the signal of climatic equilibrium increases with range size. Small-range species show high levels of climatic disequilibrium, which is likely be driven by combinations of dispersal lags, and undetected environmental factors or biotic interactions. These results highlight the importance of conserving small-ranged species and the difficulty of forecasting how their distributions will shift in the coming centuries.

AB - Aim: Climatic equilibrium is a foundational principle in ecological theory and models used in conservation, but has been challenged by growing evidence of disequilibrium, particularly for long-lived, sessile organisms like trees. Here, we calculated range filling for North American trees to detect the degree to which trees are filling their potential climatic niches, and to assess climatic and non-climatic drivers of underfilling. Location: North America (22°N–72°N). Taxon: Trees and shrubs. Methods: We modelled the potential ranges of 447 North American tree and shrub species with species distribution models using bioclimatic variables, and calculated the occupied proportion of each potential range. Results were compared to a null model using simulated ranges generated by a spreading-dye algorithm. We further used range shape ratios (latitude/longitude) to detect the drivers of disequilibrium. Results: The potential ranges of North American trees and shrubs are broadly underfilled (mean = 48%). Furthermore, range filling is positively correlated with geographic range size. Large-ranged species have higher range filling than the null model, and shape ratios indicative of climatic restrictions. Small-ranged species showed a stronger influence of dispersal limitation. Main conclusions: Climate explains only about half of tree species' ranges, and the signal of climatic equilibrium increases with range size. Small-range species show high levels of climatic disequilibrium, which is likely be driven by combinations of dispersal lags, and undetected environmental factors or biotic interactions. These results highlight the importance of conserving small-ranged species and the difficulty of forecasting how their distributions will shift in the coming centuries.

KW - biogeography

KW - climate disequilibrium

KW - dispersal limitation

KW - niche modelling

KW - post-glacial recolonization

KW - potential distribution

KW - range controls

KW - range filling

KW - range size

KW - species distribution modelling

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85096807835&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1111/jbi.14001

DO - 10.1111/jbi.14001

M3 - Journal article

AN - SCOPUS:85096807835

VL - 48

SP - 359

EP - 371

JO - Journal of Biogeography

JF - Journal of Biogeography

SN - 0305-0270

IS - 2

ER -