Institut for Biologi

Aarhus University Seal / Aarhus Universitets segl

J.-C. Svenning

Tectonics, climate and the diversification of the tropical African terrestrial flora and fauna

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskrift/Konferencebidrag i tidsskrift /Bidrag til avisTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

Standard

Tectonics, climate and the diversification of the tropical African terrestrial flora and fauna. / Couvreur, Thomas L.P.; Dauby, Gilles; Blach-Overgaard, Anne; Deblauwe, Vincent; Dessein, Steven; Droissart, Vincent; Hardy, Oliver J.; Harris, David J.; Janssens, Steven B.; Ley, Alexandra C.; Mackinder, Barbara A.; Sonké, Bonaventure; Sosef, Marc S.M.; Stévart, Tariq; Svenning, Jens Christian; Wieringa, Jan J.; Faye, Adama; Missoup, Alain D.; Tolley, Krystal A.; Nicolas, Violaine; Ntie, Stéphan; Fluteau, Frédiéric; Robin, Cécile; Guillocheau, Francois; Barboni, Doris; Sepulchre, Pierre.

I: Biological Reviews, Bind 96, Nr. 1, 02.2021, s. 16-51.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskrift/Konferencebidrag i tidsskrift /Bidrag til avisTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

Harvard

Couvreur, TLP, Dauby, G, Blach-Overgaard, A, Deblauwe, V, Dessein, S, Droissart, V, Hardy, OJ, Harris, DJ, Janssens, SB, Ley, AC, Mackinder, BA, Sonké, B, Sosef, MSM, Stévart, T, Svenning, JC, Wieringa, JJ, Faye, A, Missoup, AD, Tolley, KA, Nicolas, V, Ntie, S, Fluteau, F, Robin, C, Guillocheau, F, Barboni, D & Sepulchre, P 2021, 'Tectonics, climate and the diversification of the tropical African terrestrial flora and fauna', Biological Reviews, bind 96, nr. 1, s. 16-51. https://doi.org/10.1111/brv.12644

APA

Couvreur, T. L. P., Dauby, G., Blach-Overgaard, A., Deblauwe, V., Dessein, S., Droissart, V., Hardy, O. J., Harris, D. J., Janssens, S. B., Ley, A. C., Mackinder, B. A., Sonké, B., Sosef, M. S. M., Stévart, T., Svenning, J. C., Wieringa, J. J., Faye, A., Missoup, A. D., Tolley, K. A., ... Sepulchre, P. (2021). Tectonics, climate and the diversification of the tropical African terrestrial flora and fauna. Biological Reviews, 96(1), 16-51. https://doi.org/10.1111/brv.12644

CBE

Couvreur TLP, Dauby G, Blach-Overgaard A, Deblauwe V, Dessein S, Droissart V, Hardy OJ, Harris DJ, Janssens SB, Ley AC, Mackinder BA, Sonké B, Sosef MSM, Stévart T, Svenning JC, Wieringa JJ, Faye A, Missoup AD, Tolley KA, Nicolas V, Ntie S, Fluteau F, Robin C, Guillocheau F, Barboni D, Sepulchre P. 2021. Tectonics, climate and the diversification of the tropical African terrestrial flora and fauna. Biological Reviews. 96(1):16-51. https://doi.org/10.1111/brv.12644

MLA

Vancouver

Couvreur TLP, Dauby G, Blach-Overgaard A, Deblauwe V, Dessein S, Droissart V o.a. Tectonics, climate and the diversification of the tropical African terrestrial flora and fauna. Biological Reviews. 2021 feb;96(1):16-51. https://doi.org/10.1111/brv.12644

Author

Couvreur, Thomas L.P. ; Dauby, Gilles ; Blach-Overgaard, Anne ; Deblauwe, Vincent ; Dessein, Steven ; Droissart, Vincent ; Hardy, Oliver J. ; Harris, David J. ; Janssens, Steven B. ; Ley, Alexandra C. ; Mackinder, Barbara A. ; Sonké, Bonaventure ; Sosef, Marc S.M. ; Stévart, Tariq ; Svenning, Jens Christian ; Wieringa, Jan J. ; Faye, Adama ; Missoup, Alain D. ; Tolley, Krystal A. ; Nicolas, Violaine ; Ntie, Stéphan ; Fluteau, Frédiéric ; Robin, Cécile ; Guillocheau, Francois ; Barboni, Doris ; Sepulchre, Pierre. / Tectonics, climate and the diversification of the tropical African terrestrial flora and fauna. I: Biological Reviews. 2021 ; Bind 96, Nr. 1. s. 16-51.

Bibtex

@article{b54f6fecc733472593f92de4c7ab554f,
title = "Tectonics, climate and the diversification of the tropical African terrestrial flora and fauna",
abstract = "Tropical Africa is home to an astonishing biodiversity occurring in a variety of ecosystems. Past climatic change and geological events have impacted the evolution and diversification of this biodiversity. During the last two decades, around 90 dated molecular phylogenies of different clades across animals and plants have been published leading to an increased understanding of the diversification and speciation processes generating tropical African biodiversity. In parallel, extended geological and palaeoclimatic records together with detailed numerical simulations have refined our understanding of past geological and climatic changes in Africa. To date, these important advances have not been reviewed within a common framework. Here, we critically review and synthesize African climate, tectonics and terrestrial biodiversity evolution throughout the Cenozoic to the mid-Pleistocene, drawing on recent advances in Earth and life sciences. We first review six major geo-climatic periods defining tropical African biodiversity diversification by synthesizing 89 dated molecular phylogeny studies. Two major geo-climatic factors impacting the diversification of the sub-Saharan biota are highlighted. First, Africa underwent numerous climatic fluctuations at ancient and more recent timescales, with tectonic, greenhouse gas, and orbital forcing stimulating diversification. Second, increased aridification since the Late Eocene led to important extinction events, but also provided unique diversification opportunities shaping the current tropical African biodiversity landscape. We then review diversification studies of tropical terrestrial animal and plant clades and discuss three major models of speciation: (i) geographic speciation via vicariance (allopatry); (ii) ecological speciation impacted by climate and geological changes, and (iii) genomic speciation via genome duplication. Geographic speciation has been the most widely documented to date and is a common speciation model across tropical Africa. We conclude with four important challenges faced by tropical African biodiversity research: (i) to increase knowledge by gathering basic and fundamental biodiversity information; (ii) to improve modelling of African geophysical evolution throughout the Cenozoic via better constraints and downscaling approaches; (iii) to increase the precision of phylogenetic reconstruction and molecular dating of tropical African clades by using next generation sequencing approaches together with better fossil calibrations; (iv) finally, as done here, to integrate data better from Earth and life sciences by focusing on the interdisciplinary study of the evolution of tropical African biodiversity in a wider geodiversity context.",
keywords = "African geology, Cenozoic, dated molecular phylogenies, fossils, palaeoclimate models, speciation models, tropical Africa",
author = "Couvreur, {Thomas L.P.} and Gilles Dauby and Anne Blach-Overgaard and Vincent Deblauwe and Steven Dessein and Vincent Droissart and Hardy, {Oliver J.} and Harris, {David J.} and Janssens, {Steven B.} and Ley, {Alexandra C.} and Mackinder, {Barbara A.} and Bonaventure Sonk{\'e} and Sosef, {Marc S.M.} and Tariq St{\'e}vart and Svenning, {Jens Christian} and Wieringa, {Jan J.} and Adama Faye and Missoup, {Alain D.} and Tolley, {Krystal A.} and Violaine Nicolas and St{\'e}phan Ntie and Fr{\'e}di{\'e}ric Fluteau and C{\'e}cile Robin and Francois Guillocheau and Doris Barboni and Pierre Sepulchre",
year = "2021",
month = feb,
doi = "10.1111/brv.12644",
language = "English",
volume = "96",
pages = "16--51",
journal = "Biological Reviews",
issn = "1464-7931",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Ltd.",
number = "1",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Tectonics, climate and the diversification of the tropical African terrestrial flora and fauna

AU - Couvreur, Thomas L.P.

AU - Dauby, Gilles

AU - Blach-Overgaard, Anne

AU - Deblauwe, Vincent

AU - Dessein, Steven

AU - Droissart, Vincent

AU - Hardy, Oliver J.

AU - Harris, David J.

AU - Janssens, Steven B.

AU - Ley, Alexandra C.

AU - Mackinder, Barbara A.

AU - Sonké, Bonaventure

AU - Sosef, Marc S.M.

AU - Stévart, Tariq

AU - Svenning, Jens Christian

AU - Wieringa, Jan J.

AU - Faye, Adama

AU - Missoup, Alain D.

AU - Tolley, Krystal A.

AU - Nicolas, Violaine

AU - Ntie, Stéphan

AU - Fluteau, Frédiéric

AU - Robin, Cécile

AU - Guillocheau, Francois

AU - Barboni, Doris

AU - Sepulchre, Pierre

PY - 2021/2

Y1 - 2021/2

N2 - Tropical Africa is home to an astonishing biodiversity occurring in a variety of ecosystems. Past climatic change and geological events have impacted the evolution and diversification of this biodiversity. During the last two decades, around 90 dated molecular phylogenies of different clades across animals and plants have been published leading to an increased understanding of the diversification and speciation processes generating tropical African biodiversity. In parallel, extended geological and palaeoclimatic records together with detailed numerical simulations have refined our understanding of past geological and climatic changes in Africa. To date, these important advances have not been reviewed within a common framework. Here, we critically review and synthesize African climate, tectonics and terrestrial biodiversity evolution throughout the Cenozoic to the mid-Pleistocene, drawing on recent advances in Earth and life sciences. We first review six major geo-climatic periods defining tropical African biodiversity diversification by synthesizing 89 dated molecular phylogeny studies. Two major geo-climatic factors impacting the diversification of the sub-Saharan biota are highlighted. First, Africa underwent numerous climatic fluctuations at ancient and more recent timescales, with tectonic, greenhouse gas, and orbital forcing stimulating diversification. Second, increased aridification since the Late Eocene led to important extinction events, but also provided unique diversification opportunities shaping the current tropical African biodiversity landscape. We then review diversification studies of tropical terrestrial animal and plant clades and discuss three major models of speciation: (i) geographic speciation via vicariance (allopatry); (ii) ecological speciation impacted by climate and geological changes, and (iii) genomic speciation via genome duplication. Geographic speciation has been the most widely documented to date and is a common speciation model across tropical Africa. We conclude with four important challenges faced by tropical African biodiversity research: (i) to increase knowledge by gathering basic and fundamental biodiversity information; (ii) to improve modelling of African geophysical evolution throughout the Cenozoic via better constraints and downscaling approaches; (iii) to increase the precision of phylogenetic reconstruction and molecular dating of tropical African clades by using next generation sequencing approaches together with better fossil calibrations; (iv) finally, as done here, to integrate data better from Earth and life sciences by focusing on the interdisciplinary study of the evolution of tropical African biodiversity in a wider geodiversity context.

AB - Tropical Africa is home to an astonishing biodiversity occurring in a variety of ecosystems. Past climatic change and geological events have impacted the evolution and diversification of this biodiversity. During the last two decades, around 90 dated molecular phylogenies of different clades across animals and plants have been published leading to an increased understanding of the diversification and speciation processes generating tropical African biodiversity. In parallel, extended geological and palaeoclimatic records together with detailed numerical simulations have refined our understanding of past geological and climatic changes in Africa. To date, these important advances have not been reviewed within a common framework. Here, we critically review and synthesize African climate, tectonics and terrestrial biodiversity evolution throughout the Cenozoic to the mid-Pleistocene, drawing on recent advances in Earth and life sciences. We first review six major geo-climatic periods defining tropical African biodiversity diversification by synthesizing 89 dated molecular phylogeny studies. Two major geo-climatic factors impacting the diversification of the sub-Saharan biota are highlighted. First, Africa underwent numerous climatic fluctuations at ancient and more recent timescales, with tectonic, greenhouse gas, and orbital forcing stimulating diversification. Second, increased aridification since the Late Eocene led to important extinction events, but also provided unique diversification opportunities shaping the current tropical African biodiversity landscape. We then review diversification studies of tropical terrestrial animal and plant clades and discuss three major models of speciation: (i) geographic speciation via vicariance (allopatry); (ii) ecological speciation impacted by climate and geological changes, and (iii) genomic speciation via genome duplication. Geographic speciation has been the most widely documented to date and is a common speciation model across tropical Africa. We conclude with four important challenges faced by tropical African biodiversity research: (i) to increase knowledge by gathering basic and fundamental biodiversity information; (ii) to improve modelling of African geophysical evolution throughout the Cenozoic via better constraints and downscaling approaches; (iii) to increase the precision of phylogenetic reconstruction and molecular dating of tropical African clades by using next generation sequencing approaches together with better fossil calibrations; (iv) finally, as done here, to integrate data better from Earth and life sciences by focusing on the interdisciplinary study of the evolution of tropical African biodiversity in a wider geodiversity context.

KW - African geology

KW - Cenozoic

KW - dated molecular phylogenies

KW - fossils

KW - palaeoclimate models

KW - speciation models

KW - tropical Africa

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85090936757&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1111/brv.12644

DO - 10.1111/brv.12644

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 32924323

AN - SCOPUS:85090936757

VL - 96

SP - 16

EP - 51

JO - Biological Reviews

JF - Biological Reviews

SN - 1464-7931

IS - 1

ER -