Institut for Biologi

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J.-C. Svenning

sPlotOpen – An environmentally balanced, open-access, global dataset of vegetation plots

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskrift/Konferencebidrag i tidsskrift /Bidrag til avisTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

DOI

  • Francesco Maria Sabatini, German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research Halle-Jena-Leipzig, Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg
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  • Jonathan Lenoir, Universite de Picardie Jules Verne
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  • Tarek Hattab, Universite de Montpellier
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  • Elise Aimee Arnst, Landcare Research
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  • Milan Chytrý, Masaryk University
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  • Jürgen Dengler, German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research Halle-Jena-Leipzig, Zurich University of Applied Sciences, University of Bayreuth
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  • Patrice De Ruffray, Université de Strasbourg
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  • Stephan M. Hennekens, Wageningen University & Research
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  • Ute Jandt, German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research Halle-Jena-Leipzig, Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg
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  • Florian Jansen, University of Rostock
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  • Borja Jiménez-Alfaro, University of Oviedo
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  • Jens Kattge, Max Planck Institute for Biogeochemistry
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  • Aurora Levesley, University of Leeds
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  • Valério D. Pillar, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul
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  • Oliver Purschke, Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg
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  • Brody Sandel, Santa Clara University
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  • Fahmida Sultana, Shahjalal University of Science and Technology
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  • Tsipe Aavik, University of Tartu
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  • Svetlana Aćić, University of Belgrade
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  • Alicia T.R. Acosta, Roma Tre University
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  • Emiliano Agrillo, ?Italian Institute for Environmental Protection and Research
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  • Miguel Alvarez, University of Bonn
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  • Iva Apostolova, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences
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  • Mohammed A.S. Arfin Khan, Shahjalal University of Science and Technology
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  • Luzmila Arroyo, Universidad Autónoma Gabriel René Moreno
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  • Fabio Attorre, University of Rome La Sapienza
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  • Isabelle Aubin, Natural Resources Canada
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  • Arindam Banerjee, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
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  • Marijn Bauters, Ghent University
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  • Yves Bergeron, Universite du Quebec en Abitibi-Temiscamingue
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  • Erwin Bergmeier, University of Göttingen
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  • Idoia Biurrun, University of the Basque Country
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  • Anne D. Bjorkman, University of Gothenburg, Gothenberg Global Biodiversity Centre
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  • Gianmaria Bonari, Free University of Bozen-Bolzano
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  • Viktoria Bondareva, Russian Academy of Sciences
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  • Jörg Brunet, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences
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  • Andraž Čarni, Scientific Research Centre of the Slovenian Academy of Sciences and Arts, University of Nova Gorica
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  • Laura Casella, ?Italian Institute for Environmental Protection and Research
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  • Luis Cayuela, Universidad Rey Juan Carlos
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  • Tomáš Černý, Czech University of Life Sciences Prague
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  • Victor Chepinoga, RAS - Siberian Branch
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  • János Csiky, University of Pecs
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  • Renata Ćušterevska, SS Cyril and Methodius University in Skopje
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  • Els De Bie, Belgian National Fund for Scientific Research
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  • André Luis de Gasper, Universidade Regional de Blumenau
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  • Michele De Sanctis, University of Rome La Sapienza
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  • Panayotis Dimopoulos, University of Patras
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  • Jiri Dolezal, Czech Academy of Sciences
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  • Tetiana Dziuba, M.G. Kholodny Institute of Botany
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  • Mohamed Abd El Rouf Mousa El-Sheikh, King Saud University, Damanhour University
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  • Brian Enquist, University of Arizona
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  • Jörg Ewald, Weihenstephan-Triesdorf University of Applied Sciences
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  • Farideh Fazayeli, Alphabet Inc., University of Minnesota
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  • Richard Field, University of Nottingham
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  • Manfred Finckh, University of Hamburg
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  • Sophie Gachet, Universite d'Avignon et des Pays du Vaucluse
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  • Antonio Galán-de-Mera, San Pablo CEU University Foundation, Universidad Privada Antonio Guillermo Urrelo, Herbario AQP
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  • Emmanuel Garbolino, CS
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  • Hamid Gholizadeh, Mazandaran University
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  • Melisa Giorgis, Instituto Multidisciplinario de Biología Vegetal
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  • Valentin Golub, Russian Academy of Sciences
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  • Inger Greve Alsos, UiT The Arctic University of Norway
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  • John Arvid Grytnes, University of Bergen
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  • Gregory Richard Guerin, University of Adelaide
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  • Alvaro G. Gutiérrez, Universidad Austral de Chile
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  • Sylvia Haider, German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research Halle-Jena-Leipzig, Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg
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  • Mohamed Z. Hatim, Wageningen University & Research, Tanta University
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  • Bruno Hérault, Centre de Coopération International de Recherche Agronomique pour le Développement, Universite de Montpellier, ?Institut National Polytechnique Félix Houphouët-Boigny
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  • Guillermo Hinojos Mendoza, ASES Ecological and Sustainable Services
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  • Norbert Hölzel, University of Münster
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  • Jürgen Homeier, University of Göttingen
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  • Wannes Hubau, Ghent University, Royal Museum for Central Africa
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  • Adrian Indreica, Transilvania University of Brasov
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  • John A.M. Janssen, Wageningen University & Research
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  • Birgit Jedrzejek, University of Münster
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  • Anke Jentsch, University of Bayreuth
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  • Norbert Jürgens, University of Hamburg
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  • Zygmunt Kącki, University of Wroclaw
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  • Jutta Kapfer, Norwegian Institute of Bioeconomy Research
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  • Dirk Nikolaus Karger, Swiss Federal Institute for Forest, Snow and Landscape Research
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  • Ali Kavgacı, Karabuk University
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  • Elizabeth Kearsley, Ghent University
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  • Michael Kessler, University of Zurich
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  • Larisa Khanina, Russian Academy of Sciences
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  • Timothy Killeen, Museo de Historia Natural Noel Kempff Mercado
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  • Andrey Korolyuk, RAS - Siberian Branch
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  • Holger Kreft, University of Göttingen
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  • Hjalmar S. Kühl, German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research Halle-Jena-Leipzig, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology
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  • Anna Kuzemko, M.G. Kholodny Institute of Botany
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  • Flavia Landucci, Masaryk University
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  • Attila Lengyel, Hungarian Academy of Sciences
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  • Frederic Lens, Naturalis National Museum of Natural History, Leiden University
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  • Débora Vanessa Lingner, Universidade Regional de Blumenau
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  • Hongyan Liu, Peking University
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  • Tatiana Lysenko, Russian Academy of Sciences, RAS - Tobolsk Scientific Station, Ural Branch
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  • Miguel D. Mahecha, German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research Halle-Jena-Leipzig, Leipzig University
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  • Corrado Marcenò, Masaryk University, University of the Basque Country
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  • Vasiliy Martynenko, Russian Academy of Sciences
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  • Jesper Erenskjold Moeslund
  • Abel Monteagudo Mendoza, Jardín Botánico de Missouri, Universidad Nacional San Antonio Abad del Cusco
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  • Ladislav Mucina, Murdoch University, University of Stellenbosch
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  • Jonas V. Müller, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
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  • Jérôme Munzinger, Universite de Montpellier
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  • Alireza Naqinezhad, Mazandaran University
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  • Jalil Noroozi, University of Vienna
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  • Arkadiusz Nowak, Polish Academy of Sciences, University of Opole
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  • Viktor Onyshchenko, M.G. Kholodny Institute of Botany
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  • Gerhard E. Overbeck, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul
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  • Meelis Pärtel, University of Tartu
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  • Aníbal Pauchard, Universidad de Concepcion, Universidad de Chile
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  • Robert K. Peet, University of North Carolina
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  • Josep Peñuelas, CSIC, Centre for Ecological Research and Forestry Applications
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  • Aaron Pérez-Haase, The University of Vic - Central University of Catalonia, University of Barcelona
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  • Tomáš Peterka, Masaryk University
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  • Petr Petřík, Czech Academy of Sciences
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  • Gwendolyn Peyre, Universidad de Los Andes Colombia
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  • Oliver L. Phillips, University of Leeds
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  • Vadim Prokhorov, Kazan Volga Region Federal University
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  • Valerijus Rašomavičius, Institute of Botany Lithuanian
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  • Rasmus Revermann, University of Hamburg, Namibia University of Science and Technology
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  • Gonzalo Rivas-Torres, Universidad San Francisco de Quito
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  • John S. Rodwell, Independent Researcher
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  • Eszter Ruprecht, Babes-Bolyai University
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  • Solvita Rūsiņa, University of Latvia
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  • Cyrus Samimi, University of Bayreuth
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  • Marco Schmidt, Palmengarten
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  • Franziska Schrodt, University of Nottingham
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  • Hanhuai Shan, Microsoft Research Asia
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  • Pavel Shirokikh, Russian Academy of Sciences
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  • Jozef Šibík, Slovak Academy of Sciences
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  • Urban Šilc, Scientific Research Centre of the Slovenian Academy of Sciences and Arts
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  • Petr Sklenář, Charles University
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  • Željko Škvorc, University of Zagreb
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  • Ben Sparrow, University of Adelaide
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  • Marta Gaia Sperandii, Roma Tre University, CSIC-GV-UV - Desertification Research Center
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  • Zvjezdana Stančić, Faculty of Geotechnical Engineering, University of Zagreb
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  • Jens Christian Svenning
  • Zhiyao Tang, Peking University
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  • Cindy Q. Tang, Yunnan University
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  • Ioannis Tsiripidis, School of Biology
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  • Kim André Vanselow, Friedrich-Alexander University Erlangen-Nürnberg
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  • Rodolfo Vásquez Martínez, Jardín Botánico de Missouri
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  • Kiril Vassilev, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences
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  • Eduardo Vélez-Martin, Ilex Consultoria Científica
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  • Roberto Venanzoni, University of Perugia
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  • Alexander Christian Vibrans, Universidade Regional de Blumenau
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  • Cyrille Violle, Universite de Montpellier
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  • Risto Virtanen, German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research Halle-Jena-Leipzig, University of Oulu, Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research
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  • Henrik von Wehrden, Leuphana University of Lüneburg
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  • Viktoria Wagner, University of Alberta
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  • Donald A. Walker, University of Alaska Fairbanks
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  • Donald M. Waller, University of Wisconsin-Madison
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  • Hua Feng Wang, Hainan University
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  • Karsten Wesche, German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research Halle-Jena-Leipzig, Senckenberg Research Institute and Natural History Museum, Technische Universität Dresden
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  • Timothy J.S. Whitfeld, University of Minnesota
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  • Wolfgang Willner, University of Vienna
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  • Susan K. Wiser, Landcare Research
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  • Thomas Wohlgemuth, Swiss Federal Institute for Forest, Snow and Landscape Research
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  • Sergey Yamalov, Russian Academy of Sciences
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  • Martin Zobel, University of Tartu
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  • Helge Bruelheide, German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research Halle-Jena-Leipzig, Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg

Motivation: Assessing biodiversity status and trends in plant communities is critical for understanding, quantifying and predicting the effects of global change on ecosystems. Vegetation plots record the occurrence or abundance of all plant species co-occurring within delimited local areas. This allows species absences to be inferred, information seldom provided by existing global plant datasets. Although many vegetation plots have been recorded, most are not available to the global research community. A recent initiative, called ‘sPlot’, compiled the first global vegetation plot database, and continues to grow and curate it. The sPlot database, however, is extremely unbalanced spatially and environmentally, and is not open-access. Here, we address both these issues by (a) resampling the vegetation plots using several environmental variables as sampling strata and (b) securing permission from data holders of 105 local-to-regional datasets to openly release data. We thus present sPlotOpen, the largest open-access dataset of vegetation plots ever released. sPlotOpen can be used to explore global diversity at the plant community level, as ground truth data in remote sensing applications, or as a baseline for biodiversity monitoring. Main types of variable contained: Vegetation plots (n = 95,104) recording cover or abundance of naturally co-occurring vascular plant species within delimited areas. sPlotOpen contains three partially overlapping resampled datasets (c. 50,000 plots each), to be used as replicates in global analyses. Besides geographical location, date, plot size, biome, elevation, slope, aspect, vegetation type, naturalness, coverage of various vegetation layers, and source dataset, plot-level data also include community-weighted means and variances of 18 plant functional traits from the TRY Plant Trait Database. Spatial location and grain: Global, 0.01–40,000 m². Time period and grain: 1888–2015, recording dates. Major taxa and level of measurement: 42,677 vascular plant taxa, plot-level records. Software format: Three main matrices (.csv), relationally linked.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftGlobal Ecology and Biogeography
Vol/bind30
Nummer9
Sider (fra-til)1740-1764
Antal sider25
ISSN1466-822X
DOI
StatusUdgivet - sep. 2021

Bibliografisk note

Funding Information:
Isabelle Aubin was funded through the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada and Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources and Forestry. Yves Bergeron was funded through the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada. Idoia Biurrun was funded by the Basque Government (IT936‐16). Anne Bjorkman thanks the Herschel Island‐Qikiqtaruk Territorial Park management, Catherine Kennedy, Dorothy Cooley, Jill F. Johnstone, Cameron Eckert and Richard Gordon for establishing the ecological monitoring programme. Funding was provided by Herschel Island‐Qikiqtaruk Territorial Park. Luis Cayuela was supported by project BIOCON08_044 funded by Fundación BBVA (Banco Bilbao Vizcaya Argantiera). Milan Chytrý, Flavia Landucci, Corrado Marcenò and Tomáš Peterka were supported by the Czech Science Foundation (project no. 19‐28491X). Brian Enquist thanks the following individuals and institutions for contributing data to sPlot via the SALVIAS database: Mauricio Bonifacino, Saara DeWalt, Timothy Killeen, Susan Letcher, Nigel Pitman, Cam Webb, The Missouri Botanical Garden, RAINFOR and the Amazon Forest Inventory Network. Alvaro G. Gutiérrez was funded by Project FORECOFUN‐SSA PIEF‐GA‐2010–274798 and FONDECYT 1200468. Mohamed Z. Hatim thanks Kamal Shaltout and Joop Schaminée for MSc thesis supervision, and Joop Schaminée for support and funding from the Prince Bernard Culture Fund Prize for Nature Conservation. Jürgen Homeier received funding from BMBF (Federal Ministry of Education and Science of Germany) and the German Research Foundation (DFG Ho3296‐2, DFG Ho3296‐4). Borja Jiménez‐Alfaro was funded by the Spanish Research Agency through grant AEI/10.13039/501100011033. Dirk N. Karger received funding from: the Swiss Federal Institute for Forest, Snow and Landscape Research (WSL) internal grant exCHELSA and ClimEx, the Joint Biodiversa COFUND project ‘FeedBaCks' and ‘Futureweb', the Swiss Data Science Projects: SPEEDMIND, and COMECO, and the Swiss National Science Foundation (20BD21_184131). Hjalmar Kühl gratefully acknowledges the Pan African team and funding by the Max Planck Society and Krekeler Foundation. Attila Lengyel was supported by the National Research, Development and Innovation Office, Hungary (PD‐123997). Tatiana Lysenko was funded by the Russian Foundation for Basic Research (Grant No. 16‐04‐00747a). Alireza Naqinezhad is supported by a master grant from the University of Mazandaran. Jérôme Munzinger was supported by the French National Research Agency (ANR) with grants INC (ANR‐07‐BDIV‐0008), BIONEOCAL (ANR‐07‐BDIV‐0006) & ULTRABIO (ANR‐07‐BDIV‐0010), by the National Geographic Society (Grant 7579‐04), and with funding and authorizations of North and South Provinces of New Caledonia. Arkadiusz Nowak received support from the National Science Centre, Poland, grant no. 2017/25/B/NZ8/00572. Gerhard E. Overbeck acknowledges support from Brazil's National Council of Scientific and Technological Development (CNPq, grant 310022/2015‐0). Meelis Pärtel was supported by the Estonian Research Council (PRG609) and European Regional Development Fund (Centre of Excellence EcolChange). Robert Peet acknowledges the support from the National Center for Ecological Analysis and Synthesis, the North Carolina Ecosystem Enhancement Program, the U.S. Forest Service, and the U.S. National Science Foundation (DBI‐9905838, DBI‐0213794). Josep Peñuelas acknowledges the financial support from the European Research Council Synergy grant ERC‐SyG‐2013‐610028 IMBALANCE‐P. Petr Petřík and Jiri Dolezal acknowledge the support of the long‐term research development project No. RVO 67985939 of the Czech Academy of Sciences. Oliver Phillips was funded by an ERC Advanced Grant (291585, ‘T‐FORCES’) and a Royal Society‐Wolfson Research Merit Award. Valério D. Pillar was supported by the Brazil's National Council of Scientific and Technological Development (CNPq, grant 307689/2014‐0). Solvita Rūsiņa was supported by the University of Latvia grant AAP2016/B041//Zd2016/AZ03 within the ‘Climate change and sustainable use of natural resources’ framework. Franziska Schrodt was supported by the University of Minnesota Institute on the Environment Discovery Grant, the German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research (iDiv) Halle‐Jena‐Leipzig grant (50170649_#7) and the University of Nottingham Anne McLaren Fellowship. Jozef Šibík was funded by The Slovak Research and Development Agency grant no. APVV16‐0431. Jens‐Christian Svenning considers this work a contribution to his VILLUM Investigator project ‘Biodiversity Dynamics in a Changing World’ funded by VILLUM FONDEN (grant 16549). Kim André Vanselow would like to thank W. Bernhard Dickoré for the help in the identification of plant species and acknowledges the financial support from the Volkswagen Foundation (AZ I/81 976) and the German Research Foundation (DFG VA 749/1‐1, DFG VA 749/4‐1). Evan Weiher was funded by NSF DEB‐0415383, UWEC‐ORSP, and UWEC‐BCDT. Work by Karsten Wesche was supported by the German Research Foundation (DFG WE 2601/3‐1,3‐2, 4‐1,4‐2) and by the German Ministry for Science and Education (BMBF, CAME 03G0808A). Susan Wiser was funded by the New Zealand (NZ) Ministry for Business, Innovation and Employment's Strategic Science Investment Fund.

Funding Information:
The study has been supported by the TRY initiative on plant traits ( http://www.try‐db.org ). The TRY initiative and database is hosted, developed and maintained by J. Kattge and G. Bönisch (Max Planck Institute for Biogeochemistry, Jena, Germany). TRY is currently supported by DIVERSITAS/Future Earth and iDiv Halle‐Jena‐Leipzig. Jens Kattge acknowledges support by the Max Planck Institute for Biogeochemistry (Jena, Germany), Future Earth, iDiv Halle‐Jena‐Leipzig and the EU H2020 project BACI, Grant No. 640176.

Funding Information:
The authors are grateful to the thousands of vegetation scientists who sampled vegetation plots in the field or digitized them into regional, national or international databases. The authors also appreciate the support of the German Research Foundation for funding sPlot as one of the iDiv (DFG FZT 118, 202548816) research platforms, as well as for funding the position of Francesco Maria Sabatini and the organization of three workshops through the sDiv calls. The authors acknowledge this support with naming the database ‘sPlot’, where the ‘s’ refers to the sDiv synthesis workshops. The authors are also grateful to Anahita Kazem and iDiv's Data & Code Unit for assistance with curation and archiving of the dataset.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 The Authors. Global Ecology and Biogeography published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

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