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J.-C. Svenning

Phylogenetic structure of European forest vegetation

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskrift/Konferencebidrag i tidsskrift /Bidrag til avisTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

DOI

  • Josep Padullés Cubino, Masaryk University
  • ,
  • Zdeňka Lososová, Masaryk University
  • ,
  • Gianmaria Bonari, Masaryk University, Free University of Bozen-Bolzano
  • ,
  • Emiliano Agrillo, Institute for Environmental Protection and Research (ISPRA)
  • ,
  • Fabio Attorre, University of Rome La Sapienza
  • ,
  • Erwin Bergmeier, University of Göttingen
  • ,
  • Idoia Biurrun, University of the Basque Country
  • ,
  • Juan A. Campos, University of the Basque Country
  • ,
  • Andraž Čarni, Scientific Research Centre of the Slovenian Academy of Sciences and Arts, University of Nova Gorica
  • ,
  • Mirjana Ćuk, University of Novi Sad
  • ,
  • Michele De Sanctis, University of Rome La Sapienza
  • ,
  • Adrian Indreica, Transilvania University of Brasov
  • ,
  • Borja Jiménez-Alfaro, University of Oviedo
  • ,
  • Larisa Khanina, Russian Academy of Sciences
  • ,
  • Ilona Knollová, Masaryk University
  • ,
  • Jonathan Lenoir, UR Ecologie et Dynamique des Systèmes Anthropisés (EDYSAN, Universite de Picardie Jules Verne
  • ,
  • Remigiusz Pielech, University of Agriculture in Krakow
  • ,
  • Valerijus Rašomavičius, Vilnius University
  • ,
  • Željko Škvorc, University of Zagreb
  • ,
  • Jens Christian Svenning
  • Kiril Vassilev, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences
  • ,
  • Wolfgang Willner, University of Vienna
  • ,
  • Milan Chytrý, Masaryk University

Aims: (a) To determine the contribution of current macro-environmental factors in explaining the phylogenetic structure of European forest vegetation, (b) to map and describe spatial patterns in their phylogenetic structure and (c) to examine which lineages are the most important contributors to phylogenetic clustering and whether their contribution varies across forest types and regions. Location: Europe. Taxon: Angiosperms. Methods: We analysed the phylogenetic structure of 61,816 georeferenced forest vegetation plots across Europe considering alternative metrics either sensitive to basal (ancient evolutionary dynamics) or terminal (recent dynamics) branching in the phylogeny. We used boosted regression trees to model metrics of the phylogenetic structure as a function of current macro-environmental factors. We also identified clades encompassing significantly more taxa than under random expectation in phylogenetically clustered plots. Results: Phylogenetic clustering was driven by climatic stress and instability and was strong in the areas glaciated during the Pleistocene, likely reflecting limited postglacial migration, and to a lower extent in areas of northern-central Europe and in summer-dry Mediterranean regions. Phylogenetic overdispersion was frequent in the hemiboreal zone in Russia, in some areas around the Mediterranean Basin, and along the Atlantic seaboard of the Iberian Peninsula. The families Ericaceae, Poaceae and Fagaceae were overrepresented in clustered plots in different regions of Europe. Main conclusions: We provide the first maps and analyses on the phylogenetic structure of European forest vegetation at the plot level. Our results highlight the role of environmental filtering, postglacial dispersal limitation and spatial transitions between major biomes in determining the distribution of plant lineages in Europe.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftJournal of Biogeography
Vol/bind48
Nummer4
Sider (fra-til)903-916
Antal sider14
ISSN0305-0270
DOI
StatusUdgivet - apr. 2021

Bibliografisk note

Funding Information:
We thank all botanists and foresters who sampled the vegetation plots used in our analyses, and data contributors from the different vegetation‐plot databases. We thank Stephan Hennekens for managing the EVA database, Jan Divíšek and Martin Večeřa for helpful discussions, and Irena Axmanová for providing a code to clean up the data. The study was supported by the Czech Science Foundation (19‐28491X). IB and JAC were funded by the Basque Government (IT936‐16). JCS considers this work a contribution to his VILLUM Investigator project “Biodiversity Dynamics in a Changing World” funded by VILLUM FONDEN (grant 16549). No collecting permits were required for this research.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 John Wiley & Sons Ltd

Copyright:
Copyright 2021 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.

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