Institut for Biologi

Aarhus University Seal / Aarhus Universitets segl

J.-C. Svenning

On opportunities and threats to conserve the phylogenetic diversity of Neotropical palms

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On opportunities and threats to conserve the phylogenetic diversity of Neotropical palms. / Velazco, Santiago José Elías; Svenning, Jean Christian; Ribeiro, Bruno R.; Laureto, Livia Maira Orlandi.

I: Diversity and Distributions, Bind 27, Nr. 3, 03.2021, s. 512-523.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskrift/Konferencebidrag i tidsskrift /Bidrag til avisTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

Harvard

Velazco, SJE, Svenning, JC, Ribeiro, BR & Laureto, LMO 2021, 'On opportunities and threats to conserve the phylogenetic diversity of Neotropical palms', Diversity and Distributions, bind 27, nr. 3, s. 512-523. https://doi.org/10.1111/ddi.13215

APA

Velazco, S. J. E., Svenning, J. C., Ribeiro, B. R., & Laureto, L. M. O. (2021). On opportunities and threats to conserve the phylogenetic diversity of Neotropical palms. Diversity and Distributions, 27(3), 512-523. https://doi.org/10.1111/ddi.13215

CBE

Velazco SJE, Svenning JC, Ribeiro BR, Laureto LMO. 2021. On opportunities and threats to conserve the phylogenetic diversity of Neotropical palms. Diversity and Distributions. 27(3):512-523. https://doi.org/10.1111/ddi.13215

MLA

Velazco, Santiago José Elías o.a.. "On opportunities and threats to conserve the phylogenetic diversity of Neotropical palms". Diversity and Distributions. 2021, 27(3). 512-523. https://doi.org/10.1111/ddi.13215

Vancouver

Velazco SJE, Svenning JC, Ribeiro BR, Laureto LMO. On opportunities and threats to conserve the phylogenetic diversity of Neotropical palms. Diversity and Distributions. 2021 mar;27(3):512-523. https://doi.org/10.1111/ddi.13215

Author

Velazco, Santiago José Elías ; Svenning, Jean Christian ; Ribeiro, Bruno R. ; Laureto, Livia Maira Orlandi. / On opportunities and threats to conserve the phylogenetic diversity of Neotropical palms. I: Diversity and Distributions. 2021 ; Bind 27, Nr. 3. s. 512-523.

Bibtex

@article{87b74dfaaf7544a3ad3f24ee7822de8f,
title = "On opportunities and threats to conserve the phylogenetic diversity of Neotropical palms",
abstract = "Aim: Palms are an ecologically and societally important plant group, with high diversity in the Neotropics. Here, we estimated the impacts of future climate change on phylogenetic diversity (PD) of Neotropical palms under varying climatic and dispersal scenarios, assessed the effectiveness of the established network of protected areas (PAs) for conserving palms PD today and in 2070, and identified priority areas for the conservation of palm species and their evolutionary history in the face of climate change. Location: Neotropics. Methods: We used ecological niche modelling to estimate the distribution of 367 species in the present and for 2070 based on two greenhouse gas emission and two dispersal scenarios. We calculated Faith's PD within each five arc-minute grid cell to evaluate the effectiveness of PAs relative to null models and used phylogenetic spatial prioritisation analysis to detect priority areas. Results: We found that even under the most optimistic climatic and dispersal scenarios, the established network of PAs performed poorly in safeguarding palms PD under both current conditions and those projected for 2070. Significant losses in PD inside PAs are expected under future climate conditions, especially if species are unable to disperse to suitable areas. Nevertheless, a modest and strategic increase in the number of PAs could considerably improve the protection of palms PD in the present and 2070. Main conclusions: The PD of Neotropical palms is poorly represented within the established network of PAs, at both present and in 2070. A higher realised dispersal rates would diminish PD losses inside the network of PAs. The conservation of palm PD can be improved through the expansion of PAs in strategic regions such as the upper portion of the Amazon Basin, Tropical Andes and Mesoamerica.",
keywords = "climate change, dispersal, evolutionary history, species distribution models, systematic conservation planning, Zonation",
author = "Velazco, {Santiago Jos{\'e} El{\'i}as} and Svenning, {Jean Christian} and Ribeiro, {Bruno R.} and Laureto, {Livia Maira Orlandi}",
note = "Funding Information: SJEV thanks CONICET (Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Cient{\'i}ficas y T{\'e}cnicas) for the post‐doctoral scholarship. JCS considers this work a contribution to his VILLUM Investigator project {\textquoteleft}Biodiversity Dynamics in a Changing World' funded by VILLUM FONDEN (grant 16549) and his TREECHANGE supported by the Danish Council for Independent Research | Natural Sciences (grant 6108‐00078B). BRR thanks to CAPES (Coordena{\c c}{\~a}o de Aperfei{\c c}oamento de Pessoal de N{\'i}vel Superior) for financial support—Finance Code 001. LMOL is grateful to CAPES for the post‐doctoral scholarship (project number 88887.1459152017‐00). Authors acknowledge Laura Pollock for sharing the R codes used for performing the prioritisation analyses. Publisher Copyright: {\textcopyright} 2020 The Authors. Diversity and Distributions published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd Copyright: Copyright 2020 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.",
year = "2021",
month = mar,
doi = "10.1111/ddi.13215",
language = "English",
volume = "27",
pages = "512--523",
journal = "Diversity and Distributions",
issn = "1366-9516",
publisher = "Jossey-Bass",
number = "3",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - On opportunities and threats to conserve the phylogenetic diversity of Neotropical palms

AU - Velazco, Santiago José Elías

AU - Svenning, Jean Christian

AU - Ribeiro, Bruno R.

AU - Laureto, Livia Maira Orlandi

N1 - Funding Information: SJEV thanks CONICET (Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas) for the post‐doctoral scholarship. JCS considers this work a contribution to his VILLUM Investigator project ‘Biodiversity Dynamics in a Changing World' funded by VILLUM FONDEN (grant 16549) and his TREECHANGE supported by the Danish Council for Independent Research | Natural Sciences (grant 6108‐00078B). BRR thanks to CAPES (Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior) for financial support—Finance Code 001. LMOL is grateful to CAPES for the post‐doctoral scholarship (project number 88887.1459152017‐00). Authors acknowledge Laura Pollock for sharing the R codes used for performing the prioritisation analyses. Publisher Copyright: © 2020 The Authors. Diversity and Distributions published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd Copyright: Copyright 2020 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.

PY - 2021/3

Y1 - 2021/3

N2 - Aim: Palms are an ecologically and societally important plant group, with high diversity in the Neotropics. Here, we estimated the impacts of future climate change on phylogenetic diversity (PD) of Neotropical palms under varying climatic and dispersal scenarios, assessed the effectiveness of the established network of protected areas (PAs) for conserving palms PD today and in 2070, and identified priority areas for the conservation of palm species and their evolutionary history in the face of climate change. Location: Neotropics. Methods: We used ecological niche modelling to estimate the distribution of 367 species in the present and for 2070 based on two greenhouse gas emission and two dispersal scenarios. We calculated Faith's PD within each five arc-minute grid cell to evaluate the effectiveness of PAs relative to null models and used phylogenetic spatial prioritisation analysis to detect priority areas. Results: We found that even under the most optimistic climatic and dispersal scenarios, the established network of PAs performed poorly in safeguarding palms PD under both current conditions and those projected for 2070. Significant losses in PD inside PAs are expected under future climate conditions, especially if species are unable to disperse to suitable areas. Nevertheless, a modest and strategic increase in the number of PAs could considerably improve the protection of palms PD in the present and 2070. Main conclusions: The PD of Neotropical palms is poorly represented within the established network of PAs, at both present and in 2070. A higher realised dispersal rates would diminish PD losses inside the network of PAs. The conservation of palm PD can be improved through the expansion of PAs in strategic regions such as the upper portion of the Amazon Basin, Tropical Andes and Mesoamerica.

AB - Aim: Palms are an ecologically and societally important plant group, with high diversity in the Neotropics. Here, we estimated the impacts of future climate change on phylogenetic diversity (PD) of Neotropical palms under varying climatic and dispersal scenarios, assessed the effectiveness of the established network of protected areas (PAs) for conserving palms PD today and in 2070, and identified priority areas for the conservation of palm species and their evolutionary history in the face of climate change. Location: Neotropics. Methods: We used ecological niche modelling to estimate the distribution of 367 species in the present and for 2070 based on two greenhouse gas emission and two dispersal scenarios. We calculated Faith's PD within each five arc-minute grid cell to evaluate the effectiveness of PAs relative to null models and used phylogenetic spatial prioritisation analysis to detect priority areas. Results: We found that even under the most optimistic climatic and dispersal scenarios, the established network of PAs performed poorly in safeguarding palms PD under both current conditions and those projected for 2070. Significant losses in PD inside PAs are expected under future climate conditions, especially if species are unable to disperse to suitable areas. Nevertheless, a modest and strategic increase in the number of PAs could considerably improve the protection of palms PD in the present and 2070. Main conclusions: The PD of Neotropical palms is poorly represented within the established network of PAs, at both present and in 2070. A higher realised dispersal rates would diminish PD losses inside the network of PAs. The conservation of palm PD can be improved through the expansion of PAs in strategic regions such as the upper portion of the Amazon Basin, Tropical Andes and Mesoamerica.

KW - climate change

KW - dispersal

KW - evolutionary history

KW - species distribution models

KW - systematic conservation planning

KW - Zonation

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85098004924&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1111/ddi.13215

DO - 10.1111/ddi.13215

M3 - Journal article

AN - SCOPUS:85098004924

VL - 27

SP - 512

EP - 523

JO - Diversity and Distributions

JF - Diversity and Distributions

SN - 1366-9516

IS - 3

ER -