Institut for Biologi

Aarhus University Seal / Aarhus Universitets segl

J.-C. Svenning

Dimensions of invasiveness: Links between local abundance, geographic range size, and habitat breadth in Europe's alien and native floras

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskrift/Konferencebidrag i tidsskrift /Bidrag til avisTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

DOI

  • Trevor S. Fristoe, University of Konstanz
  • ,
  • Milan Chytrý, Masaryk University
  • ,
  • Wayne Dawson, University of Durham
  • ,
  • Franz Essl, University of Vienna
  • ,
  • Ruben Heleno, University of Coimbra
  • ,
  • Holger Kreft, University of Göttingen
  • ,
  • Noëlie Maurel, University of Konstanz
  • ,
  • Jan Pergl, Czech Academy of Sciences
  • ,
  • Petr Pyšek, Czech Academy of Sciences, Charles University
  • ,
  • Hanno Seebens, Senckenberg Biodiversity and Climate Research Institute
  • ,
  • Patrick Weigelt, University of Göttingen
  • ,
  • Pablo Vargas, CSIC - Royal Botanic Garden of Madrid
  • ,
  • Qiang Yang, University of Konstanz
  • ,
  • Fabio Attorre, University of Rome La Sapienza
  • ,
  • Erwin Bergmeier, University of Göttingen
  • ,
  • Markus Bernhardt-Römermann, Friedrich Schiller University Jena
  • ,
  • Idoia Biurrun, University of the Basque Country
  • ,
  • Steffen Boch, Swiss Federal Institute for Forest, Snow and Landscape Research
  • ,
  • Gianmaria Bonari, Free University of Bozen-Bolzano
  • ,
  • Zoltán Botta-Dukát, Hungarian Academy of Sciences
  • ,
  • Hans Henrik Bruun, Københavns Universitet
  • ,
  • Chaeho Byun, Andong National University
  • ,
  • Andraz Carni, Scientific Research Centre of the Slovenian Academy of Sciences and Arts, University of Nova Gorica
  • ,
  • Maria Laura Carranza, University of Molise
  • ,
  • Jane A. Catford, King's College London
  • ,
  • Bruno E.L. Cerabolini, University of Insubria
  • ,
  • Eduardo Chacón-Madrigal, University of Costa Rica
  • ,
  • Daniela Ciccarelli, University of Pisa
  • ,
  • Renata Cušterevska, SS Cyril and Methodius University in Skopje
  • ,
  • Iris De Ronde, Ministry of the Interior and Kingdom Relations
  • ,
  • Jürgen Dengler, Zurich University of Applied Sciences, University of Bayreuth, German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research Halle-Jena-Leipzig
  • ,
  • Valentin Golub, Russian Academy of Sciences
  • ,
  • Rense Haveman, Ministry of the Interior and Kingdom Relations
  • ,
  • Nate Hough-Snee, Four Peaks Environmental Science and Data Solutions
  • ,
  • Ute Jandt, German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research Halle-Jena-Leipzig, Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg
  • ,
  • Florian Jansen, University of Rostock
  • ,
  • Anna Kuzemko, M.G. Kholodny Institute of Botany
  • ,
  • Filip Küzmic, Scientific Research Centre of the Slovenian Academy of Sciences and Arts
  • ,
  • Jonathan Lenoir, Universite de Picardie Jules Verne
  • ,
  • Armin MacAnovic, University of Sarajevo
  • ,
  • Corrado Marcenò, Masaryk University
  • ,
  • Adam R. Martin, University of Toronto
  • ,
  • Sean T. Michaletz, University of British Columbia
  • ,
  • Akira S. Mori, Yokohama National University
  • ,
  • Ülo Niinemets, Estonian University of Life Sciences
  • ,
  • Tomáš Peterka, Masaryk University
  • ,
  • Remigiusz Pielech, University of Agriculture in Krakow, Foundation for Biodiversity Research
  • ,
  • Valerijus Rašomavicius, Institute of Botany Lithuanian
  • ,
  • Solvita Rusina, University of Latvia
  • ,
  • Arildo S. Dias, Goethe University Frankfurt
  • ,
  • Mária Sibíková, Slovak Academy of Sciences
  • ,
  • Urban Silc, Scientific Research Centre of the Slovenian Academy of Sciences and Arts
  • ,
  • Angela Stanisci, University of Molise
  • ,
  • Steven Jansen, Ulm University
  • ,
  • Jens Christian Svenning
  • Grzegorz Swacha, University of Wroclaw
  • ,
  • Fons Van Der Plas, Wageningen University & Research
  • ,
  • Kiril Vassilev, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences
  • ,
  • Mark Van Kleunen, University of Konstanz, TaiZhou University

Understanding drivers of success for alien species can inform on potential future invasions. Recent conceptual advances highlight that species may achieve invasiveness via performance along at least three distinct dimensions: 1) local abundance, 2) geographic range size, and 3) habitat breadth in naturalized distributions. Associations among these dimensions and the factors that determine success in each have yet to be assessed at large geographic scales. Here, we combine data from over one million vegetation plots covering the extent of Europe and its habitat diversity with databases on species' distributions, traits, and historical origins to provide a comprehensive assessment of invasiveness dimensions for the European alien seed plant flora. Invasiveness dimensions are linked in alien distributions, leading to a continuum from overall poor invaders to super invaders - abundant, widespread aliens that invade diverse habitats. This pattern echoes relationships among analogous dimensions measured for native European species. Success along invasiveness dimensions was associated with details of alien species' introduction histories: earlier introduction dates were positively associated with all three dimensions, and consistent with theory-based expectations, species originating from other continents, particularly acquisitive growth strategists, were among the most successful invaders in Europe. Despite general correlations among invasiveness dimensions, we identified habitats and traits associated with atypical patterns of success in only one or two dimensions - for example, the role of disturbed habitats in facilitating widespread specialists. We conclude that considering invasiveness within a multidimensional framework can provide insights into invasion processes while also informing general understanding of the dynamics of species distributions.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
Artikelnummere2021173118
TidsskriftProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Vol/bind118
Nummer22
ISSN0027-8424
DOI
StatusUdgivet - jun. 2021

Bibliografisk note

Funding Information:
ACKNOWLEDGMENTS. We thank EVA database managers Ilona Knollová and Stephan Hennekens for assistance in preparing data, as well as all contributors to the EVA and TRY databases. M.v.K. was supported by the German Research Foundation (project 264740629). M.C., C.M., and T.P. were supported by the Czech Science Foundation (project 19-28491X). P.P. and J.P. were supported by Czech Science Foundation (grant 19-28807X) and Czech Academy of Sciences long-term research development (project 67985939). F.E. acknowledges funding by the Austrian Science Fund (FWF; grant I 2086 – B29). H.S. was supported by Belmont Forum-BiodivERsA with the national funder German Federal Ministry of Education and Research (grant 01LC1807A). I.B. was supported by Basque Governement (project IT299-10). C.B. was supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea grant funded by the Korean government (Ministry of Science and ICT) (2018R1C1B6005351). S.R. was supported by University of Latvia grant AAp2016/B041//Zd2016/AZ03. J.C.S. considers this work a contribution to his VILLUM Investigator project “Biodiversity Dynamics in a Changing World” funded by VILLUM FONDEN (grant 16549).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.

Se relationer på Aarhus Universitet Citationsformater

ID: 221799999