Institut for Biologi

Aarhus University Seal / Aarhus Universitets segl

J.-C. Svenning

Community Assembly and Climate Mismatch in Late Quaternary Eastern North American Pollen Assemblages

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Community Assembly and Climate Mismatch in Late Quaternary Eastern North American Pollen Assemblages. / knight, C.A.; Blois, J.L.; Blonder, Benjamin; Macias-Fauria, M.; Ordonez Gloria, Alejandro; Svenning, J.-C.

I: The American Naturalist, Bind 195, Nr. 2, 2020, s. 166-180.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskrift/Konferencebidrag i tidsskrift /Bidrag til avisTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

Harvard

knight, CA, Blois, JL, Blonder, B, Macias-Fauria, M, Ordonez Gloria, A & Svenning, J-C 2020, 'Community Assembly and Climate Mismatch in Late Quaternary Eastern North American Pollen Assemblages', The American Naturalist, bind 195, nr. 2, s. 166-180. https://doi.org/10.1086/706340

APA

knight, C. A., Blois, J. L., Blonder, B., Macias-Fauria, M., Ordonez Gloria, A., & Svenning, J-C. (2020). Community Assembly and Climate Mismatch in Late Quaternary Eastern North American Pollen Assemblages. The American Naturalist, 195(2), 166-180. https://doi.org/10.1086/706340

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MLA

Vancouver

Author

knight, C.A. ; Blois, J.L. ; Blonder, Benjamin ; Macias-Fauria, M. ; Ordonez Gloria, Alejandro ; Svenning, J.-C. / Community Assembly and Climate Mismatch in Late Quaternary Eastern North American Pollen Assemblages. I: The American Naturalist. 2020 ; Bind 195, Nr. 2. s. 166-180.

Bibtex

@article{6807c037cd954936a1f6df180e984f1a,
title = "Community Assembly and Climate Mismatch in Late Quaternary Eastern North American Pollen Assemblages",
abstract = "Plant community response to climate change ranges from synchronous tracking to strong mismatch. Explaining this variation in climate change response is critical for accurate global change modeling. Here we quantify how closely assemblages track changes in climate (match/mismatch) and how broadly climate niches are spread within assemblages (narrow/broad ecological tolerance, or “filtering”) using data for the past 21,000 years for 531 eastern North American fossil pollen assemblages. Although climate matching has been strong over the last 21 millennia, mismatch increased in 30% of assemblages during the rapid climate shifts between 14.5 and 10 ka. Assemblage matching rebounded toward the present day in 10%–20% of assemblages. Climate-assemblage mismatch was greater in tree-dominated and high-latitude assemblages, consistent with persisting populations, slower dispersal rates, and glacial retreat. In contrast, climate matching was greater for assemblages comprising taxa with higher median seed mass. More than half of the assemblages were climatically filtered at any given time, with peak filtering occurring at 8.5 ka for nearly 80% of assemblages. Thus, vegetation assemblages have highly variable rates of climate mismatch and filtering over millennial scales. These climate responses can be partially predicted by species{\textquoteright} traits and life histories. These findings help constrain predictions for plant community response to contemporary climate change.",
keywords = "Climate matching/mismatching, Community assembly, Community ecology, Macroecology, Paleoecology",
author = "C.A. knight and J.L. Blois and Benjamin Blonder and M. Macias-Fauria and {Ordonez Gloria}, Alejandro and J.-C. Svenning",
year = "2020",
doi = "10.1086/706340",
language = "English",
volume = "195",
pages = "166--180",
journal = "American Naturalist",
issn = "0003-0147",
publisher = "University of Chicago Press",
number = "2",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Community Assembly and Climate Mismatch in Late Quaternary Eastern North American Pollen Assemblages

AU - knight, C.A.

AU - Blois, J.L.

AU - Blonder, Benjamin

AU - Macias-Fauria, M.

AU - Ordonez Gloria, Alejandro

AU - Svenning, J.-C.

PY - 2020

Y1 - 2020

N2 - Plant community response to climate change ranges from synchronous tracking to strong mismatch. Explaining this variation in climate change response is critical for accurate global change modeling. Here we quantify how closely assemblages track changes in climate (match/mismatch) and how broadly climate niches are spread within assemblages (narrow/broad ecological tolerance, or “filtering”) using data for the past 21,000 years for 531 eastern North American fossil pollen assemblages. Although climate matching has been strong over the last 21 millennia, mismatch increased in 30% of assemblages during the rapid climate shifts between 14.5 and 10 ka. Assemblage matching rebounded toward the present day in 10%–20% of assemblages. Climate-assemblage mismatch was greater in tree-dominated and high-latitude assemblages, consistent with persisting populations, slower dispersal rates, and glacial retreat. In contrast, climate matching was greater for assemblages comprising taxa with higher median seed mass. More than half of the assemblages were climatically filtered at any given time, with peak filtering occurring at 8.5 ka for nearly 80% of assemblages. Thus, vegetation assemblages have highly variable rates of climate mismatch and filtering over millennial scales. These climate responses can be partially predicted by species’ traits and life histories. These findings help constrain predictions for plant community response to contemporary climate change.

AB - Plant community response to climate change ranges from synchronous tracking to strong mismatch. Explaining this variation in climate change response is critical for accurate global change modeling. Here we quantify how closely assemblages track changes in climate (match/mismatch) and how broadly climate niches are spread within assemblages (narrow/broad ecological tolerance, or “filtering”) using data for the past 21,000 years for 531 eastern North American fossil pollen assemblages. Although climate matching has been strong over the last 21 millennia, mismatch increased in 30% of assemblages during the rapid climate shifts between 14.5 and 10 ka. Assemblage matching rebounded toward the present day in 10%–20% of assemblages. Climate-assemblage mismatch was greater in tree-dominated and high-latitude assemblages, consistent with persisting populations, slower dispersal rates, and glacial retreat. In contrast, climate matching was greater for assemblages comprising taxa with higher median seed mass. More than half of the assemblages were climatically filtered at any given time, with peak filtering occurring at 8.5 ka for nearly 80% of assemblages. Thus, vegetation assemblages have highly variable rates of climate mismatch and filtering over millennial scales. These climate responses can be partially predicted by species’ traits and life histories. These findings help constrain predictions for plant community response to contemporary climate change.

KW - Climate matching/mismatching

KW - Community assembly

KW - Community ecology

KW - Macroecology

KW - Paleoecology

U2 - 10.1086/706340

DO - 10.1086/706340

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 32017614

VL - 195

SP - 166

EP - 180

JO - American Naturalist

JF - American Naturalist

SN - 0003-0147

IS - 2

ER -