Jacob Johnsen

sGC-cGMP-PKG pathway stimulation protects the healthy but not the failing right ventricle of rats against ischemia and reperfusion injury

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BACKGROUND: To investigate whether modulation of the sGC-cGMP-PKG pathway protects against ischemia and reperfusion injury in the healthy and the failing right ventricle (RV).

METHODS: Hearts from male Wistar rats with a healthy RV (n=39) or a hypertrophic and failing RV induced by pulmonary trunk banding (n=57) were isolated and perfused in a pressure-controlled modified Langendorff setup. The isolated hearts were randomized to control, ischemic preconditioning (IPC, 2×5min of global ischemia), a phosphodiesterase-5 (PDE5) inhibitor vardenafil (66nM) alone and in combination with a cGMP-dependent protein kinase (PKG) blocker KT 5823 (1μM). Failing hearts were exposed to the same protocols and to soluble guanylate cyclase stimulation/activation, and phosphodiesterase 9 inhibition. All interventions were followed by 40min of global ischemia and 120min of reperfusion. The effects on the RV were evaluated by measurement of the infarct size/area-at-risk ratio (IS/AAR).

RESULTS: In healthy hearts, IPC and pharmacological preconditioning with vardenafil reduced RV infarct size. PKG blockade by KT-5823 did not alter infarct size per se but abolished the cardioprotective effect of vardenafil. In the hypertrophic and failing hearts, none of the conditioning strategies altered RV infarct size.

CONCLUSION: PDE-5 inhibition by vardenafil protects the healthy right ventricle against ischemia and reperfusion injury by a PKG dependent mechanism. Neither ischemic preconditioning nor pharmacologic stimulation of the sGC-cGMP-PKG pathway induces cardioprotection in the hypertrophic and failing RV.

TidsskriftInternational Journal of Cardiology
Sider (fra-til)674-680
Antal sider7
StatusUdgivet - 16 aug. 2016

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